My server has 8Gigs of RAM and 8Gigs configured for swap file. I have memory intensive apps running. These apps have peak loads during which we find swap usage increase. Approximately 1 GIG of swap is used.
I have another server with 4Gigs of RAM and 8 Gigs of swap and similar memory intensive apps running on it. But here swap usage is very negligible. Around 100 MB.
I was wondering what are the exact conditions or a rough formula based on which Linux will do a swapout of a process memory in RAM to the swap file. I know its based on swapiness factor. What else is it based on? Swap file size? Any pointers to Linux kernal internal documentation/source code explaining this will be great.