Sendmail is running as default as mail server on Ubuntu. How to switch to postfix.
I have extensive experience with Postfix.
The quickest and easiest way to do this on Ubuntu is:
This will remove sendmail (it will install a version appropriate for postfix).
You will then need to configure postfix.
Do you also have questions about configuration?
To have decent settings choose "internet site" during the installation process.
You can get away with a config file as short as this:
sudo nano /etc/postfix/main.cf
Be very, very careful about avoiding setting up an open relay server. You'll quickly get blacklisted.
Merely to switch?
To do all the configurations afterwards? Not sure - I've not worked with postfix.