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How would one automatically shutdown an ubuntu OS 30 minutes after it was turned on? Or 15 minutes after it was turned on? Etc?

I tried creating an init.d script like so:

shutdown -h +5

But my box does not shut down after 5 minutes.

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up vote 11 down vote accepted

You could use cron and the @reboot flag to schedule the shutdown if you add this to the root crontab:
@reboot shutdown -h +30

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K.I.S.S. - works great - I love it - rep given. – darkAsPitch Feb 24 '10 at 17:34

/etc/init.d contains the launch scripts, but doesn't actually tell each runlevel what it should do. The actual scripts are called as symlinks from /etc/rc[0-6].d where [0-6] is the runlevel you're entering.

More specifically, the symlinks are given the name:

[SK]nnScript where [SK] is Start or Kill, nn is the order (lower first) and Script is the name of the file in /etc/init.d. Scripts scheduled to start are called with --start and those to be stopped --stop as switches.

On debian/ubuntu you can populate those scripts with:

update-rc.d --defaults <yourscript>

so that the appropriate symlinks get created in /etc/rc[0-6].d/

I'd strongly recommend though that you just symlink it yourself into runlevel 2 (default):

ln -s /etc/init.d/<myscript> /etc/rc2.d/S50<myscript>

As calling shutdown when shutting down (level 0), going single user (level 1) or rebooting (level 6) is probably not that wise an idea.

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Thanks Frenchie, I wish I could give you both right answer marks! That was incredibly detailed and I have learnt a lot. charlesbridge addressed it much more simply however, and for that, he gets the check. – darkAsPitch Feb 24 '10 at 17:35

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