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I have been running Varnish on my production server successfully for several weeks now. Now I'm trying to configure Varnish to use a second backend for certain requests. My original working VCL (/etc/varnish/default.vcl) begins like this:

backend default {
  .host = "";
  .port = "8080";
} of VCL...

And I'm changing it to:

backend default {
  .host = "";
  .port = "8080";

backend backend2 {
  .host = "";
  .port = "80";
} of VCL...

When I reload the VCL file, I get the following:

Command failed with error code 106
Failed to reload /etc/varnish/default.vcl.

Any idea what the error could be, or how I can get more information on the problem?

(Note: To reload the VCL, I'm using the script found here:

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up vote 1 down vote accepted

I've not seen that specific error, but, when putting a backend in, I have noticed if the backend isn't referenced within the config, it has given me problems when restarting on our development servers.

storage_file: filename: /var/lib/varnish/devel/varnish_storage.bin size 1024 MB.
Message from VCC-compiler:
Unused backend default2, defined:
(input Line 11 Pos 9)
backend default2 {
Running VCC-compiler failed, exit 1
VCL compilation failed

So, is it possible that you have no rule referencing the backend?

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Thank you for the suggestion. I've tried it both ways -- with and without the relevant rule referencing the backend but to no avail. Also, how do you view the VCC-compiler output? If I could see that, it might give me the clue I need. – Andy Mar 27 '10 at 23:14
Interestingly, it turns out that my problem was related to your suggestion. When I reloaded the VCL without referencing the backend in the config, I got the error. When I reloaded the VCL with a reference to the backend, I still got the error -- but that was because I had a syntax error in the line referencing the backend (I put "req.backend = backend2;" instead of "set req.backend = backend2;". When I corrected the syntax error, the VCL reloaded normally and now works as expected. Thanks! – Andy Mar 28 '10 at 4:47
telnet to the admin interface: telnet localhost 6082 vcl.load -C /etc/varnish/default.vcl or, if you restart the daemon through most init scripts, they shouldn't hide STDERR. – deleted Mar 28 '10 at 5:03

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