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Meaning of directories on Unix and Unix like systems

I am rather new to linux, but I have installed a few different flavors. I noticed they all have similar folder names in the root directory

bin
boot
dev
etc
home
lib
lost+found
media
mnt
opt
proc
root
sbin
selinux
srv
sys
tmp
usr
var

I googled around, but couldn't find anywhere that explained the purpose of each of these. I understand a couple, but could anyone point me somewhere or give a quick breakdown of the common ones.

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marked as duplicate by Dennis Williamson, Kyle Brandt, Zypher, John Gardeniers, splattne May 4 '10 at 20:40

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

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man hier and pathname.com/fhs , until I find the duplicate to close on :-) –  Kyle Brandt May 4 '10 at 15:38
    
That is what I am looking for thanks. –  Joshua Enfield May 4 '10 at 15:41

2 Answers 2

up vote 5 down vote accepted

This is well defined by the File System Hierarchy Standard (FHS).

Wikipedia Link
FHS Website

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Most of these directories are described in the: Linux Filesystem Hierarchy

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