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I see that Apache and Nginx both use var/www as their web root - but that directory is not covered in the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard. I also see some servers with the web root in the /home/username/www directory. So where does the web root go? Or rather, where should it go most of the time for the common web server?

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I've answered two similar questions. See: serverfault.com/questions/127472/… and serverfault.com/questions/135711/… –  Warner May 23 '10 at 19:22

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Many SysAdmins use non-standard paths in order to avoid easy-yo-guess path in case of attacks.

If you are building an Internet web server I suggest you to consider a non-standard path.

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hmmm.. good point. I wonder how much help that would actually be in an attack. Kind of like switching the SSH port from 22. Should I create a root level nonstandard path like /www-data or just add to an existing path like /srv/www-data/? –  Xeoncross May 23 '10 at 19:01
    
Putting SSH on a different port does not save you from a nmap portscan: in a few minutes nmap can guess the ssh port. Using non-standard path such as /MyData/WebSites/sitename01, /MyData/WebSites/sitename02 and so on can save you from various kind of vulnerability attacks that try to run or read some files using a relative path. If you take a look at a apache logfile, you can see some attacks using relative paths such as ../../../etc/passwd. That said, there is no silver bullet in security. –  lrosa May 23 '10 at 19:05

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