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I'm trying to get mod_rewrite running for one of my PHP project. Unfortunately it doesn't work, I always get 404 errors. My URLs look like this:
I'd like to rewrite this to the above URL:

There are some special cases like when there's no action or additional parameters are specified.

Here's my virtualhost config (edited):

<VirtualHost *:*>
    ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost

    DocumentRoot /var/www/
    <Directory "/var/www/">
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride All
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from All

    ScriptAlias /awstats/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
    Alias /awstats-icon/ /usr/share/awstats/icon/

    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
    <Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
        AllowOverride None
        Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all

    ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log

    LogLevel warn
    CustomLog /var/log/apache2/access.log combined


This is the .htaccess content (in /var/www/):

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>

    RewriteEngine on
    RewriteBase /

    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
    RewriteRule ^(.*)/(.*)/$ index.php?page=$1&action=$2   [L,QSA]

    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
    RewriteRule ^(.*)/$ index.php?page=$1  [L,QSA]


And here's the error log output when requesting /home/asdf/ or /home/:

[Sat Jun 26 17:46:27 2010] [error] [client ..] File does not exist: /var/www/home
[Sat Jun 26 17:47:09 2010] [error] [client ..] File does not exist: /var/www/home

I'm not very good at regex and mod_rewrite, but it looks like the URL isn't rewritten at all.

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2 Answers 2

up vote 4 down vote accepted

Make sure you have mod_rewrite enabled:

As root:

a2enmod rewrite

Then, restart Apache2, as root:

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart


/etc/init.d/httpd restart
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head -> keyboard – svens Jun 26 '10 at 16:42
Haha, you're not alone. For one project a few years ago, I spent two hours trying to debug this sort of thing only to realize I didn't have mod_rewrite enabled. It's good for us to have humbling experiences like this every now and again. :) – EEAA Jun 26 '10 at 16:56

In <Directory /var/www/> the directive AllowOverride None prevent the htaccess file to be used. You must at lease change it to AllowOverride FileInfo

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Just changed it for both / and /var/www/, doesn't make a difference, error log still looks the same. – svens Jun 26 '10 at 16:12

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