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I'm doing some forensics to try to figure out which noob updated and rebooted a critical server at the most inopportune moment. Is there any way to determine the user account that launched Windows Update? Specifically on Windows Server 2003.

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First place I'd check is the Security Event log and see who was logged in at the time. –  user3914 Aug 11 '10 at 22:04
    
Unfortunately two users were logged in at the time and they're both pointing fingers in the other direction. This isn't motivated by upper management, I just want to know whose hand I should be holding in the future. And yes, maybe one is so smart that they faked the logs, but I doubt it. I suppose the best answer may be both! –  Luke Aug 11 '10 at 22:46

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

In my opinion it's more important to make sure that the appropriate controls, understanding, and policies are in place to prevent this from happening again. Make it known to the entire admin group about what happened, why it was the wrong thing to do at the wrong time, why it can't ever happen again, etc., etc.

Too often, companies are focused on spilling blood when mistakes are made (you may be under pressure from the higher-ups to find the culprit) instead of focusing on correcting and preventing the mistakes. Too much finger pointing creates a toxic work environment and leads to poor work, low morale and productivity, and high turnover.

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See comment above. –  Luke Aug 11 '10 at 22:48
    
Gotcha. Maybe a conversation with both (simultaneously) is in order. The corporate culture in America is one mostly of fear. I've been there and it took me many years to get to the point where I just said "Yeah, I made a mistake. Here's what happened and here's what I'm doing to prevent it from happening again". –  joeqwerty Aug 11 '10 at 22:55
    
Forget the finger-pointing and blame as joequerty points out. Fostering a healthy work environment will lead to people confessing their mistakes and moving forward. I can't ever imagine not copping to something that I did wrong, but that's just me... –  GregD Aug 11 '10 at 23:04

For a Server 2003 machine, in the System event log, you are likely to see a bunch of 4377 events associated with a username at the time the updates were installed. Possibly some 7035 events (services starting) as well. These may be more useful to you than anything you would find in the Security event log.

It's entirely possible that one of your newbies installed the updates and the other one accidentally clicked "Yes" on a reboot prompt. But, critical servers should never be updated during production hours: even if the restart is postponed, the update process itself has the potential to disrupt services. For example, services that use the .NET framework may be stopped by .NET updates even if the reboot is postponed.

I definitely agree with @joeqwerty's assessment that this is ultimately about the policies and controls that your IT organization has in place.

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