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command to compress folder in ubuntu 10.04 server ?

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up vote 5 down vote accepted
tar -czvf archivename.tgz foldername
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but i want to ask you if i want to compress file i will use the same command ? – Mohammad AL-Rawabdeh Sep 5 '10 at 10:30
Yes, you can also compress single files like this. Please read man tar. – joschi Sep 5 '10 at 10:35
To compress just a single file i would use gzip (man gzip), which is implicitly used by the z option in the tar command. – Sven Sep 5 '10 at 10:49
Replace z with j (use bzip2) or J (use xz) to get a better compression ratio (most of the time). – Cristian Ciupitu Sep 5 '10 at 12:27

“Give a man a fish; you have fed him for today. Teach a man to fish; and you have fed him for a lifetime”

I think its more appropriate to send Mohammad our friend here to the 'man' program.

man -k 'string' searches man database for programs with the needed string so for next time man -k compress would also print out tar

and man tar will teach him all he needs to know about compressing and uncompressing.

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ServerFault (and all of the StackOverflow communities avoid "RTFM" answers. It is acceptable to provide the answer and also point out that they can find more information (such as the man page.) – gWaldo Sep 8 '10 at 12:25
@gWaldo--Where is this stated? I feel like it would be appropriate in this instance. – Josh Brower Sep 12 '10 at 19:12

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