Using iptables, I need to block all outbound traffic on my server, except:
- SSH access to a small number of IP addresses
- HTTPS access to the same small list of IP addresses
Can anybody show me a suitable set of rules?
Now I understand the context of your quesiton, try:
And so on. That will set the default policy to DROP and then only allow IP addresses (or ranges) listed access. The second line allows related traffic (eg outbound packets for an ongoing SSH session), the third and fourth examples for your DNS lookups.
Don't forget you'll need an INPUT rule similar to line 2.
You will need to put in the first 4 rules for each of the IPs. Be warned, though, because you will have to log in via the console on this machine; all other access to it will be blocked.
The above posts will achieve to block all outgoing traffic except SSH and HTTPS, but they will not meet your above (in the comments) stated objective:
Consider the following: If I would have SSH access to your box, I could simply upload any data to an untrusted location using an SSH tunnel and go via one of the destinations for which you allow outgoing traffic. Thus, I don't think the problem can be addressed just by iptable rules on your host containing the sensitive data if you want to sensitive data not to be copied outside of your network in any way.