You can check the apache access log file. It shows the following fields: date/time, IP address, URL including the parameters, and others.
To view the file;
$ less /var/log/apache/access.log
To search the file:
$ grep keyword /var/log/apache/access.log
Be careful, seeing the PHP file name in the apache log does not guarantee that it is still running while you are executing your script.
EDIT: If you want to see the HTTP connections while they are establishing, you can use tcpdump like this:
$ sudo tcpdump -XX -vv -n -w /tmp/http_trace.pcap port 80
I am not sure 100% about the filter syntax "port 80", but this will capture only HTTP traffic destined for port 80. Also, you can use this command to see the established connections:
$ netstat -an | grep ESTABLISHED
To watch this command continuously, you can use watch command:
$ watch -n1 netstat -an
-n1 means to run the command every one second.