Just to add to chrim2671's answer, one of the best ways to see what's happening is using 'top' - but (AFAIK) that only sorts processes by CPU or memory usage. And you are saying that your problem is load.
In the case of a webserver, all you'll see in top (or ps) is the httpd process running - if you want more details, you'll need to have a look at the logs or server-status.
You should certainly enalbe mysql slow query logging (if its not already on) and see if you can establish any correlations.
because no peaks can be found in Google Analytics.
Google Analytics is a fantastic tool for usage analysis - but it's not a tool for system diagnostics.
Do you understand what 'load' is? Its the average number of processes which are waiting to be scheduled to be run. It can be caused by high amounts of I/O, as well as cpu / memory / network bottlenecks.
Do you have any reason to believe that the increase in this metric is affecting the service provided to your users? Costing you money? If its not having any adverse effect, is it worth worrying about? If you don't know - then you need to have a think about what and why you are monitoring.