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I just installed a new gigabit network interface card (NIC) in Linux. How do I tell if it is really set to gigabit speeds? I see ethtool has an option to set the speed, but I can't seem to figure out how to report its current speed.

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4 Answers 4

up vote 32 down vote accepted

Just use a command like: ethtool eth0 to get the needed info.

Speed: 1000Mb/s
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Thank you! I knew it was something simple like that! –  User1 Nov 30 '10 at 16:29

As Khaled mentioned, you should be able to run ethtool with just the interface as an argument. This will list the supported speeds, the advertised speeds, the current speed, and a bunch of other things too:

Settings for eth0:
    Supported ports: [ TP ]
    Supported link modes:   10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full 
                            100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full 
    Supports auto-negotiation: Yes
    Advertised link modes:  10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full 
                            100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full 
    Advertised auto-negotiation: Yes
    Speed: 1000Mb/s
    Duplex: Full
    Port: Twisted Pair
    PHYAD: 0
    Transceiver: internal
    Auto-negotiation: on
    Supports Wake-on: d
    Wake-on: d
    Current message level: 0x00000007 (7)
    Link detected: yes

You can also run dmesg, and grep for your interface, but this might not work if your system has been running for a long time and the current buffer no longer has that information (in that case, you'll have to grep the older /var/log/dmesg.* files):

dmesg |grep eth0
[    2.867481] e1000: eth0: e1000_probe: Intel(R) PRO/1000 Network Connection
[   19.429444] ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): eth0: link is not ready
[   19.431555] e1000: eth0 NIC Link is Up 1000 Mbps Full Duplex, Flow Control: None
[   19.449341] ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE): eth0: link becomes ready
[   26.972379] e1000: eth0: e1000_set_tso: TSO is Enabled
[   29.920458] eth0: no IPv6 routers present
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Use mii-tool to watch the negotiated network speed.


eth0: no link
eth1: negotiated 100baseTx-FD, link ok
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For Debian based systems, ethtool is not installed by default. But mii-tool is, as part of the essential "net-tools" package. So this was the best solution for me. –  mivk Jul 6 '14 at 13:20

Use below command

 dmesg | grep -i duplex
 Output: eth0: link up, 100Mbps, full-duplex, lpa 0x45E1

refer this

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