Coming from mostly a Windows background, it seems to me that updating your kernel in Linux is essentially the same idea as patching the OS in Windows.
Is this the case? What are the commonalities and differences?
Windows patches can patch any part of the Windows distribution, including kernel, system tools, and user tools.
Linux patches can patch any part of a Linux distribution, which can include kernel, system tools, and user tools.
Linux kernel patches are a subset of 'Linux patches'.