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Here is a situation which I noticed. I have a server to which I login via SSH and when I do it from lan then things work perfectly and I have noticed that even if the connection is idle (i.e. I am not doing any thing on SSH session just logged in) the connection is alive for a long time, but if I do an SSH on same server from internet then the connection after some time dies.The server is a Ubuntu 10.04 server edition server.What can be possible reason for this?

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2 Answers 2

up vote 5 down vote accepted

Enable keepalives in your ssh client, your firewall/router is killing the idle connection.

I have ServerAliveInterval 59 in ~/.ssh/config for openssh client.

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Ok I do not have any such line as you mentioned since the server is in a corporate data centre is it possible for the sysadmin to detect an idle connection in this situation given the fact that to this server I am the only person who has SSH access to it. –  Bond Jan 27 '11 at 7:10
    
Just as clarification; consumer grade hardware with little memory kills connections that haven't been active for a while. TCP keepalives can cause disconnects, so you can also, if you use something like screen or tmux, put a clock in your status bar so you have trafic all the time :) –  Halfgaar Jan 27 '11 at 10:38

You could look at the TCPKeepAlive option in sshd_config on the server. It looks like if this is enabled you will see more disconnections (which seems a bit counter intuitive until you read the doc) as any route changes between you and the server will result in a disconnection. That is unlikely to happen on the LAN, but fairly likely across the internet.

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