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I am trying to stop directory indexing for a specific directory in Apache (Ubuntu) and have put the following in my .htaccess file:

<Directory /var/www/xyz>
    Options -Indexes

This blocks the whole site. Why?

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Because Options -Indexes in .htaccess is recursive, is equivalent to

<Directory /your/root/>
    Options -Indexes

If you want to disable index only for a specific directory without recursion just put an empty index.html file there and ensure that DirectoryIndex directive is set to index.html.

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And you put the .htaccess file in the directory which you want to disable?

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