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I am running PostgreSQL 9 on Ubuntu (from their PPA repository). I am using OpenSSL 0.9.8o.

I have generated keys and certificates using TinyCA2 for both a pg server and the psql client. I essentially followed the instructions.

My pg_hba.conf file is configured with this:

 hostssl all             abc             ::1/128              cert        clientcert=1

I have put the root certificate generated by TinyCA along with the server's certificate and key in the DATA directory as follows.

sudo unzip
sudo mv sudo mv cacert.pem root.crt
sudo mv cert.pem server.crt
sudo openssl rsa -in key.pem -out server.key
sudo chmod 0600 server.key
sudo chmod ga=r root.crt
sudo chown postgres:postgres root.crt server.key server.crt

Yet I am unable to start the server. This is what I get on startup:

$ sudo /etc/init.d/postgresql start 9.0
* Starting PostgreSQL 9.0 database server
* The PostgreSQL server failed to start. Please check the log output:
  2011-03-17 16:39:13 IST LOG:  client certificates can only be checked if a root certificate store is available
  2011-03-17 16:39:13 IST HINT:  Make sure the root.crt file is present and readable.
  2011-03-17 16:39:13 IST CONTEXT:  line 93 of configuration file "/etc/postgresql/9.0/main/pg_hba.conf"
  2011-03-17 16:39:13 IST FATAL:  could not load pg_hba.conf

Interestingly, the root.crt file is very much present and readable:

$ ll
-rw-r--r-- 1 postgres postgres  143 2010-12-01 17:06 pg_ctl.conf
-rw-r----- 1 postgres postgres 4.3K 2011-03-17 16:35 pg_hba.conf
-rw-r----- 1 postgres postgres 1.7K 2011-03-17 15:58 pg_ident.conf
-rw-r--r-- 1 postgres postgres  18K 2011-02-07 18:38 postgresql.conf
-rw-r--r-- 1 postgres postgres 2.8K 2011-03-17 16:39 root.crt
-rw------- 1 postgres postgres 2.2K 2011-03-17 14:37 server.crt
-rw------- 1 postgres postgres  891 2011-03-17 16:18 server.key
-rw------- 1 postgres postgres  963 2011-03-17 14:37 server.key.encrypted

What is going on? What do I have to do for this certificate to load???

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up vote 2 down vote accepted

Permissions are OK. I have working:

-rw-r--r--  1 postgres postgres  615 2011-04-25 16:23 root.crt
-rw-------  1 postgres postgres  692 2011-04-25 17:20 server.crt
-rw-------  1 postgres postgres  887 2011-04-25 17:17 server.key

Try to put this files in data directory (/var/lib/postgresql/9.0/{clustername}), not config directory (/etc/postgresql/9.0/{clustername}).

When cluster is created there are automatically provided snakeoil server.key and server.crt in data directory, but there is no root.crt. Probably you put your certs in config directory.

To start in SSL mode, the files server.crt and server.key must exist in the server's data directory. These files should contain the server certificate and private key, respectively. If the private key is protected with a passphrase, the server will prompt for the passphrase and will not start until it has been entered.

To require the client to supply a trusted certificate, place certificates of the certificate authorities (CA) you trust in the file root.crt in the data directory.

In Ubuntu:

cat /etc/postgresql/9.0/main/postgresql.conf | grep data_dir
data_directory = '/var/lib/postgresql/9.0/main' # use data in another directory
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