Take the 2-minute tour ×
Server Fault is a question and answer site for professional system and network administrators. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I am using sendmail for my website, my email address is also using the same server name. So, www.zedsaid.com and nic@zedsaid.com. Sendmail seems to not want to actual deliver the mail to my inbox, but rather wants to deliver it locally on the server, which I don't want.

Here is what I get when I try to send a test:

zedsaid:/etc# echo "Subject: test" | /usr/lib/sendmail -v nic@zedsaid.com
nic@zedsaid.com... Connecting to [127.0.0.1] via relay...
220 zedsaid.com ESMTP Sendmail 8.14.3/8.14.3/Debian-5+lenny1; Thu, 12 May 2011 15:34:11 -0700; (No UCE/UBE) logging access from: zedsaid.com(OK)-zedsaid.com [127.0.0.1]
>>> EHLO zedsaid.com
250-zedsaid.com Hello zedsaid.com [127.0.0.1], pleased to meet you
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-EXPN
250-VERB
250-8BITMIME
250-SIZE
250-DSN
250-ETRN
250-DELIVERBY
250 HELP
>>> VERB
250 2.0.0 Verbose mode
>>> MAIL From:<root@zedsaid.com> SIZE=14
250 2.1.0 <root@zedsaid.com>... Sender ok
>>> RCPT To:<nic@zedsaid.com>
>>> DATA
550 5.1.1 <nic@zedsaid.com>... User unknown
503 5.0.0 Need RCPT (recipient)
>>> RSET
250 2.0.0 Reset state
>>> RSET
250 2.0.0 Reset state
root... Using cached ESMTP connection to [127.0.0.1] via relay...
>>> MAIL From:<> SIZE=1038
250 2.1.0 <>... Sender ok
>>> RCPT To:<root@zedsaid.com>
>>> DATA
050 <root@zedsaid.com>... aliased to nnhubbard
250 2.1.5 <root@zedsaid.com>... Recipient ok
354 Enter mail, end with "." on a line by itself
>>> .
050 nnhubbard... Connecting to local...
050 nnhubbard... Sent
250 2.0.0 p4CMYBLv009705 Message accepted for delivery
root... Sent (p4CMYBLv009705 Message accepted for delivery)
Closing connection to [127.0.0.1]
>>> QUIT
221 2.0.0 zedsaid.com closing connection

sendmail.mc:

divert(-1)dnl
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# $Sendmail: debproto.mc,v 8.14.3 2010-01-29 14:02:50 cowboy Exp $
#
# Copyright (c) 1998-2008 Richard Nelson.  All Rights Reserved.
#
# cf/debian/sendmail.mc.  Generated from sendmail.mc.in by configure.
#
# sendmail.mc prototype config file for building Sendmail 8.14.3
#
# Note: the .in file supports 8.7.6 - 9.0.0, but the generated
#   file is customized to the version noted above.
#
# This file is used to configure Sendmail for use with Debian systems.
#
# If you modify this file, you will have to regenerate /etc/mail/sendmail.cf
# by running this file through the m4 preprocessor via one of the following:
#   * make   (or make -C /etc/mail)
#   * sendmailconfig 
#   * m4 /etc/mail/sendmail.mc > /etc/mail/sendmail.cf
# The first two options are preferred as they will also update other files
# that depend upon the contents of this file.
#
# The best documentation for this .mc file is:
# /usr/share/doc/sendmail-doc/cf.README.gz
#
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
divert(0)dnl
#
#   Copyright (c) 1998-2005 Richard Nelson.  All Rights Reserved.
#
#  This file is used to configure Sendmail for use with Debian systems.
#
define(`_USE_ETC_MAIL_')dnl
include(`/usr/share/sendmail/cf/m4/cf.m4')dnl
VERSIONID(`$Id: sendmail.mc, v 8.14.3-5+lenny1 2010-01-29 14:02:50 cowboy Exp $')
OSTYPE(`debian')dnl
DOMAIN(`debian-mta')dnl
dnl # Items controlled by /etc/mail/sendmail.conf - DO NOT TOUCH HERE
undefine(`confHOST_STATUS_DIRECTORY')dnl        #DAEMON_HOSTSTATS=
dnl # Items controlled by /etc/mail/sendmail.conf - DO NOT TOUCH HERE
dnl #
dnl # General defines
dnl #
dnl # SAFE_FILE_ENV: [undefined] If set, sendmail will do a chroot()
dnl #   into this directory before writing files.
dnl #   If *all* your user accounts are under /home then use that
dnl #   instead - it will prevent any writes outside of /home !
dnl #   define(`confSAFE_FILE_ENV',             `')dnl
dnl #
dnl # Daemon options - restrict to servicing LOCALHOST ONLY !!!
dnl # Remove `, Addr=' clauses to receive from any interface
dnl # If you want to support IPv6, switch the commented/uncommentd lines
dnl #
FEATURE(`no_default_msa')dnl
dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Family=inet6, Name=MTA-v6, Port=smtp, Addr=::1')dnl
DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Family=inet,  Name=MTA-v4, Port=smtp, Addr=127.0.0.1')dnl
dnl DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Family=inet6, Name=MSP-v6, Port=submission, M=Ea, Addr=::1')dnl
DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Family=inet,  Name=MSP-v4, Port=submission, M=Ea, Addr=127.0.0.1')dnl
dnl #
dnl # Be somewhat anal in what we allow
define(`confPRIVACY_FLAGS',dnl
`needmailhelo,needexpnhelo,needvrfyhelo,restrictqrun,restrictexpand,nobodyreturn,authwarnings')dnl
dnl #
dnl # Define connection throttling and window length
define(`confCONNECTION_RATE_THROTTLE', `15')dnl
define(`confCONNECTION_RATE_WINDOW_SIZE',`10m')dnl
dnl #
dnl # Features
dnl #
dnl # use /etc/mail/local-host-names
FEATURE(`use_cw_file')dnl
dnl #
dnl # The access db is the basis for most of sendmail's checking
FEATURE(`access_db', , `skip')dnl
dnl #
dnl # The greet_pause feature stops some automail bots - but check the
dnl # provided access db for details on excluding localhosts...
FEATURE(`greet_pause', `1000')dnl 1 seconds
dnl #
dnl # Delay_checks allows sender<->recipient checking
FEATURE(`delay_checks', `friend', `n')dnl
dnl #
dnl # If we get too many bad recipients, slow things down...
define(`confBAD_RCPT_THROTTLE',`3')dnl
dnl #
dnl # Stop connections that overflow our concurrent and time connection rates
FEATURE(`conncontrol', `nodelay', `terminate')dnl
FEATURE(`ratecontrol', `nodelay', `terminate')dnl
dnl #
dnl # If you're on a dialup link, you should enable this - so sendmail
dnl # will not bring up the link (it will queue mail for later)
dnl define(`confCON_EXPENSIVE',`True')dnl
dnl #
dnl # Dialup/LAN connection overrides
dnl #
include(`/etc/mail/m4/dialup.m4')dnl
include(`/etc/mail/m4/provider.m4')dnl
dnl #
dnl # Default Mailer setup
MAILER_DEFINITIONS
MAILER(`local')dnl
MAILER(`smtp')dnl

dnl # Masquerading options
FEATURE(`always_add_domain')dnl
MASQUERADE_AS(`zedsaid.com')dnl
FEATURE(`allmasquerade')dnl
FEATURE(`masquerade_envelope')dn

l

Does this mean that it is sitting in the user nic's mail folder on the server? I want this email to be sent over smtp and go to my actual inbox.

Help?

share|improve this question
add comment

2 Answers

A common issue if your server believes it provides your mail.

Usually there are options for the mail server, if you run local DNS on the server, but external DNS is actually used (ie. NS are not pointing to the web server) and the MX record is set locally, then it'll deliver locally, also exim/sendmail may well be configured to accept for the machines domain automatically. Particularly if you are using a standard hosting environment like cPanel.

cPanel has an option to tell the server what setup the email is to take, local/backup/remote. You need to work out what is happening with your sendmail configuration and tell it not to accept local mail and forward it as it would with any other mail.

share|improve this answer
    
I am not using cPanel. It is my home Debian server. So, I am not sure what you are saying I need to do... –  Zed Said May 12 '11 at 22:58
    
I just gave cPanel as an example. In which case, investigate your local sendmail configuration. It most likely is setup to accept mail for your domain locally. –  Orbling May 12 '11 at 23:00
    
Zed Said: Look at the routing bit, might be helpful: tech.jonathangardner.net/wiki/… –  Orbling May 12 '11 at 23:13
    
So I should add LOCAL_DOMAIN(`localhost.localdomain')dnl to my sendmail.mc file? Doing that gave me an error when restarting sendmail –  Zed Said May 12 '11 at 23:25
    
Zed Said: It's probably already in sendmail.mc (never edit sendmail.cf directly, there is an intermediate language and a utility, sendmailconfig that converts). I'm not 100%, but I think you might need to comment it out, as opposed to adding it. You can comment a line by putting dnl_ in front of it, _ = space. –  Orbling May 12 '11 at 23:29
show 6 more comments

You need to remove your domain name from local-host-names. Otherwise sendmail thinks its the final destination for that domain.

You should not need to modify sendmail.mc to fix this.

share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.