I just inherited an intranet where a Mandriva Directory Server 5.0 acts as internal DNS and DHCP server, based on an LDAP server for configuration storage.
The idea is that all intranet hosts get a DNS entry name-ipdaddres where the ip address is in a natted private space
Some of those hosts are also declared on a real public DNS (internet :-) ) pointing to our router public ip address; it takes care of some port-forwarding and http-redirections to allow some intranet services to be available from outside the office without a VPN-like or SSH-tunnel access.
The MDS DNS server thus only covers private ip addresses and relies on public DNS servers for the rest.
Now I have a couple of strictly related questions about this setup; I am not used to mandriva configuration files, and am a bit confused about the correct practice for this 'double' dns setup
- WHERE can I modify the 'public' nameservers for MDS?
Is it in
They have changed since.
- What's the best practice to have an host first check the MDS DNS, then use the public DNS? Should hosts only use the MDS DNS, and MDS goes to public DNSs to get the missing entries, or...?
Advancing but still the main issue seems the same.
Please not that the server is currently working and most domain names are resolved, but some are not, and likely it was using and old, outdated public DNS.
Following @TiZon advise I have edited
/etc/resolvconf/resolv.conf.d/tail to add the public nameservers.
Now this is what happens. When the main nameserver fails, it does not fallback to the public ones:
dig rueducommerce.com @10.0.0.10
; <<>> DiG 9.5.0-P2 <<>> rueducommerce.com @10.0.0.10 ;; global options: printcmd ;; Got answer: ;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: SERVFAIL, id: 55845 ;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 0, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 0 ;; QUESTION SECTION: ;rueducommerce.com. IN A ;; Query time: 0 msec ;; SERVER: 10.0.0.10#53(10.0.0.10) ;; WHEN: Thu May 19 15:50:55 2011 ;; MSG SIZE rcvd: 35
Dig (or nslookup, same behaviour) without specifying a server will get the fail code and try the next server in /etc/resolv.conf and correctly return the result.
;; Got SERVFAIL reply from 127.0.0.1, trying next server ; <<>> DiG 9.5.0-P2 <<>> rueducommerce.com ;; global options: printcmd ;; Got answer: ;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 38942 ;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 2, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 0 ;; QUESTION SECTION: ;rueducommerce.com. IN A ;; ANSWER SECTION: rueducommerce.com. 440 IN A 220.127.116.11 rueducommerce.com. 440 IN A 18.104.22.168 ;; Query time: 279 msec ;; SERVER: 22.214.171.124#53(126.96.36.199) ;; WHEN: Thu May 19 15:51:51 2011 ;; MSG SIZE rcvd: 67
but stackoverflow works
dig stackoverflow.com @10.0.0.10
; <<>> DiG 9.5.0-P2 <<>> stackoverflow.com @10.0.0.10 ;; global options: printcmd ;; Got answer: ;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 40964 ;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 3, ADDITIONAL: 0 ;; QUESTION SECTION: ;stackoverflow.com. IN A ;; ANSWER SECTION: stackoverflow.com. 1800 IN A 188.8.131.52 ;; AUTHORITY SECTION: stackoverflow.com. 38 IN NS ns3.serverfault.com. stackoverflow.com. 38 IN NS ns2.serverfault.com. stackoverflow.com. 38 IN NS ns1.serverfault.com. ;; Query time: 230 msec ;; SERVER: 10.0.0.10#53(10.0.0.10) ;; WHEN: Thu May 19 16:02:24 2011 ;; MSG SIZE rcvd: 117
Qhat can I debug to understand why stackoverflow is working but rueducommerce is not?
I could add a public DNS as a secondary DNS in the DHCP (how?) and the clients are probably going to behave better (same as this command line), but is that the correct way to solve this problem? To me it sounds like clients could start to get contraddictory results from the private and public server.
Is there a way for bind/named to go fetch those results or tell the client where to go fetch them?
Hope the question is clear enough, don't hesitate adding comments should I need to state it more clearly or add details.. thanks!