Take the 2-minute tour ×
Server Fault is a question and answer site for professional system and network administrators. It's 100% free, no registration required.

There's an ongoing "panic" all over the news for some time now about IPv4 running out and IPv6 being the savior. All the big companies are preparing and showing how it should be done (last actions from Google, FaceBook). I do understand the problem and I do think people should slowly starting to move but is it also a big deal for small companies?

I've clients which are usually very small companies with 5 to 50 employees using Windows XP/Windows 7 for their clients and Windows 2003/Windows 2008R2 for their servers. Nothing complicated with 1 up to 5 switches (some managed and some unmanaged but nothing too complicated - Linksys/D-Link). On top of it there's usually modem provided by ISP and small home router (D-Link, Draytek, Linksys) or if the client is a bit bigger something like FortiGate FW50B.

How should they prepare? Is there anything each company should do? Like buy new routers? I'm looking for general advice on how to approach this from my clients perspective. Should we wait for ISP to come to us first and then try to fix things later or there's nothing we should be worried about and just do what we do and there's nothing to be done ?

share|improve this question
2  
People have been "slowly starting to move" for a decade now. It's time to actually get moving. –  Piskvor Jun 9 '11 at 17:13
    
@Piskvor, People who though the migration would be quicker badly overestimated the rate at which old IPv4-Only equipment would be replaced. I'll still be a while before everything supports IPv6 let alone uses it. –  Chris S Jun 9 '11 at 17:21
    
@Chris S: The toasters are a major concern, yes; alas, this has been a very convenient excuse for the major ISPs here. –  Piskvor Jun 9 '11 at 18:28
add comment

4 Answers 4

up vote 10 down vote accepted

For a truly small company, just wait for your ISP, and anyone else who handles your public face : if you have hosted mail, they should handle any IPv6 matters for mail. If someone hosts your website, ask them if they have made IPv6 DNS entries for you, or what their plan for doing so is. If they say they don't have one, I wouldn't worry about it much this year. Maybe a little bit of worry next year, but it's too soon to say.

share|improve this answer
5  
+1, You should keep IPv6 in mind and in any new plans; but I'm not losing any sleep over it until at least next year, probably longer yet. –  Chris S Jun 9 '11 at 14:05
    
I'll wait for ISP. We didn't had any offers yet from ISP about this so I doubt they are planning to switch to IPv6 anytime soon. –  MadBoy Jun 10 '11 at 6:59
    
Why would you want to wait for your ISP and then have to rush around and hope you did it right? It's one thing if the ISP doesn't offer it, its entirely another to simply cross your fingers and wait till you are forced to move. –  Jim B Jun 10 '11 at 14:15
    
Well they don't even mention any times yet so when they do it won't be switch in next 5 days or we cut you off. I'll just wait for some information from ISP (they will have to start some global informing action). –  MadBoy Jun 10 '11 at 14:36
add comment

I'd be suprised if your ISP didn't offer IPv6 now. Small companies will have the easiest transition so I would get them started now. depending on the home router they have they may or may not have to purchase a new one. http://www.sixxs.net/wiki/Routers is a geat resource to get started on what home routers to look at.

share|improve this answer
9  
In my experience, most ISPs do not have native IPv6 support; though most have 6to4 support at least. Definite +1 for mentioning many (most?) existing SOHO routers don't support IPv6. –  Chris S Jun 9 '11 at 14:07
    
I'm in the northeast, most of the ISPs up here have it and of course comcast and verizon support it –  Jim B Jun 9 '11 at 16:09
    
Optimum Online (Cablevision) are handing out new Netgear routers which show no signs of ever supporting IPv6. –  Steve-o Jun 9 '11 at 16:20
    
@Jim, that's surprising, we've got Comcast here and they do not support IPv6 natively, though they do through 6to4. –  Chris S Jun 9 '11 at 17:19
    
@chris S - Really? I get ipv4 and IPv6 DHCp addresses to all devices that support it. I thought their rollout was nationwide. –  Jim B Jun 9 '11 at 18:18
show 9 more comments

I recall that ICANN recommended that everyone switch to IPv6 about oh, 15 years ago. So while you think that companies are "slowly" changing over this year, it's actually quite an abrupt and panicked change that's been brought about only because we're all in imminent danger of falling off the edge. The transition should have been completed by now, rather than just starting.

That said, two major obstacles currently stand in the way of complete transition today: SOHO routers (virtually none of which support IPv6) and last-mile ISPs. And they're basically stuck with a lack of demand from consumers, most of whom are completely ignorant of the problem. The ISPs could force the issue by switching to IPv6 for everyone tonight (or next month with sufficient warning), but without some kind of illegal collaboration between them, it would enrage their customers and force them to sign up for service with competing ISPs that haven't made the upgrade. In no small part because there are almost no SOHO routers on store shelves, and consumers wouldn't even have the choice.

share|improve this answer
add comment

I would do all the low-risk things before your ISP has native IPv6 ready.

Making sure that your devices have IPv6 enabled so that when you offer IPv6 to your network they accept the traffic. They should get local IPv6 addresses like fe80::21a:a0ff:fed1:5424 but no real addresses. This will help you find out if you have any rogue RA's.

Check all your routers and see if they have native IPv6 support. Check all appliances and find out if they have IPv6 support. Printers and NAS's are a good place to start looking. Give yourself a picture of the things that you will need IPv4 for the long term.

There are a few software updates you may need to perform in order to be ready for IPv6. Certain older versions of MacOS X and Opera are known to cause problems.

share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.