A friend is running a VPS (CentOS)
His business partner was the sysadmin but has left him high and dry to look after the system. So, I've been asked to help out in fixing an apparent spam problem. His IP address got blacklisted for unsolicited mail. I'm not sure where to look for a problem, but I started with netstat to see what open connections were running. It looks to me like he has remote hosts connected to his SMTP server. Here's the output:
Active Internet connections (w/o servers) Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State tcp 0 0 184.108.40.206:imap 86-40-60-183-dynamic.:10029 ESTABLISHED tcp 0 0 220.127.116.11:imap 86-40-60-183-dynamic.:10010 ESTABLISHED tcp 0 1 18.104.22.168:35563 news.avanport.pt:smtp SYN_SENT tcp 0 0 22.214.171.124:35559 vip-us-br-mx.terra.com:smtp TIME_WAIT tcp 0 0 126.96.36.199:35560 vip-us-br-mx.terra.com:smtp TIME_WAIT tcp 1 1 188.8.131.52:imaps 86-40-60-183-dynamic.:11647 CLOSING tcp 1 1 184.108.40.206:imaps 86-40-60-183-dynamic.:11645 CLOSING tcp 0 0 220.127.116.11:35562 mx.a.locaweb.com.br:smtp TIME_WAIT tcp 0 0 18.104.22.168:35561 mx.a.locaweb.com.br:smtp TIME_WAIT tcp 0 0 22.214.171.124:imap 86-41-8-64-dynamic.b-:49446 ESTABLISHED
Does this indicate that his server may be acting as an open relay? Mail should only be outgoing from localhost.
Apologies for my lack of knowledge but I don't work on linux in my day job.
Here's some output from
/var/log/maillog which looks like it may be the result of spam. If it appears to be the case to others, where should I look next to investigate a root cause? I put the server IP through www.checkor.com and it came back clean.
Jun 29 00:02:13 vps-1001108-595 qmail: 1309302133.721674 status: local 0/10 remote 9/20 Jun 29 00:02:13 vps-1001108-595 qmail: 1309302133.886182 delivery 74116: deferral: 126.96.36.199_does_not_like_recipient./Remote_host_said:_450_4.7.1_Client_host_rejected:_cannot_find_your_hostname,_[188.8.131.52]/Giving_up_on_184.108.40.206./ Jun 29 00:02:13 vps-1001108-595 qmail: 1309302133.886255 status: local 0/10 remote 8/20 Jun 29 00:02:13 vps-1001108-595 qmail: 1309302133.898266 delivery 74115: deferral: 220.127.116.11_does_not_like_recipient./Remote_host_said:_450_4.7.1_Client_host_rejected:_cannot_find_your_hostname,_[18.104.22.168]/Giving_up_on_22.214.171.124./ Jun 29 00:02:13 vps-1001108-595 qmail: 1309302133.898327 status: local 0/10 remote 7/20 Jun 29 00:02:14 vps-1001108-595 qmail: 1309302134.137833 delivery 74111: deferral: Sorry,_I_wasn't_able_to_establish_an_SMTP_connection._(#4.4.1)/ Jun 29 00:02:14 vps-1001108-595 qmail: 1309302134.137914 status: local 0/10 remote 6/20 Jun 29 00:02:19 vps-1001108-595 qmail: 1309302139.903536 delivery 74000: failure: 126.96.36.199_failed_after_I_sent_the_message./Remote_host_said:_550-5.7.1_[188.8.131.52_______1]_Our_system_has_detected_an_unusual_rate_of/550-5.7.1_unsolicited_mail_originating_from_your_IP_address._To_protect_our/550-5.7.1_users_from_spam,_mail_sent_from_your_IP_address_has_been_blocked./550-5.7.1_Please_visit_http://www.google.com/mail/help/bulk_mail.html_to_review/550_5.7.1_our_Bulk_Email_Senders_Guidelines._e25si1385223wes.137/ Jun 29 00:02:19 vps-1001108-595 qmail: 1309302139.903606 status: local 0/10 remote 5/20 Jun 29 00:02:19 vps-1001108-595 qmail-queue-handlers: Handlers Filter before-queue for qmail started ...
Here's the output of
netstat -p with the
imaps lines removed. I also removed my own
Active Internet connections (w/o servers) Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State PID/Program name tcp 0 1 184.108.40.206:40076 any-in-2015.1e100.net:smtp SYN_SENT 24096/qmail-remote. tcp 0 1 220.127.116.11:40077 any-in-2015.1e100.net:smtp SYN_SENT 24097/qmail-remote. udp 0 0 18.104.22.168:48515 22.214.171.124:4225 ESTABLISHED 20435/httpd
As it turns out, the server had been hacked due to a vulnerability in OSCommerce and a number of PHP scripts were being run by remote clients to send mail. This was due to the security settings of 777 on the