How does Subnetting Work?
An organization is allocated the IP block of 172.16.0.0/16. It has a head office and three branches each of which can have 500 to 4000 hosts. You are required to subnet their IP block and suggest suitable subnets for each location.
1) How many subnet bits should be used? For what ?
2) How many usable hosts can be there in each subnet? That depends on the answer to for what above
3) Assign a suitable subnet for each of the following locations which locations?
4) Write the subnet mask of the above subnets in dotted decimal format. which subnets?
please can someone explain procedure of calculating above things.