Does anyone know if it is possible to configure the behaviour of Windows Firewall when it has determined that a packet is disallowed?
By default, it will silently discard the packet and the source is not notified that this has happened, leading to potentially lengthly wait times at the source before the connection timeout ellapses. For a given TCP connection, I want to send a RST packet to an incoming SYN packet that has been disallowed, rather than silently discarding it.
One of my 2K3 boxes does this, but my XP SP3 machine does not. My XP SP3 laptop also used to do it, but my Win7 laptop does not.
The reason this has come about is that I regularly have to connect to several internal Linux based boxes via telnet (they do not have, nor am I able to install, SSH) and they will attempt to use ident to identify me before presenting a username/password prompt. When I connect from the 2K3 server the prompt is instant because the incoming ident packet is actively blocked, but from my XP machine I have to wait around 20 seconds because the remote host is not notified of the blocking. This is not a security thing - everything is local and in no way exposed to the internet, I have 2 firewalls between these local machines and the WAN.
I have done some considerable Googling on the subject and the closest I have come to finding any references to this behaviour is this technet article, but it seems to directly contradict the fact that I get the desired behaviour on one of my boxes. It also contains no information about how configure this type of behaviour, although reading between the lines I think this is a function of the TCP/IP stack, rather than Windows Firewall itself - it seems that the TCP/IP stack (NAT driver) asks the firewall whether a packet is allowed, then handles the action itself.
Before you ask, no, there is definitely no 3rd party firewall software installed on the 2K3 box - neither was there on my old laptop - it is/was just Windows Firewall. The configuration interface is indentical to that of the XP box I am using to write this question. I am fully aware this will most likely involve playing with registry settings, but I have no idea where to start...