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how can I do this mv ($file $new_file/$1) or die("Errors 2");

so it would stop the script in terminal if the file is not found?

otherwise it keeps repeating and repeating and I need to restart putty session so i would be able to type something

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migrated from Oct 10 '11 at 10:44

This question came from our site for professional and enthusiast programmers.

What is repeating? There's no loop here. Also, mv() is not a Perl function. The Perl function that renames a file is called rename(). – Kusalananda Oct 7 '11 at 17:56
the loop is around the function, so basically it does not move the correct file and thats why it keeps repeating, so I would like to show error and stop the script. – Treat Oct 7 '11 at 18:01
Besides the fact that mv is not a perl function, and you are missing a comma in the argument list, there is nothing wrong with this code. It is the code surrounding it -- which you are not showing -- that is responsible. – TLP Oct 7 '11 at 18:28
Also, an infinite loop can be stopped with CTRL-C. You do not need to close putty. – TLP Oct 7 '11 at 21:17
up vote 2 down vote accepted
 use autodie;
 rename($file, "$dir/$newname")
  • If it fails to rename for any reason it'll die. If the file isn't there it obviously failed to rename and that will be caught as well.
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mv can also autodie. use File::Copy qw(mv); use autodie qw(:all mv); mv $file, "$new_file/$1"; – daxim Oct 8 '11 at 15:03

What about this then:

if ( -f $file ) {
  rename($file, "$dir/$newname")
    or die("Could not rename '$file' to '$dir/$newname'");
} else {
  die("File '$file' does not exist");

Please read the manual for the rename() function to see its limitations (perldoc -f rename) and what you might want to do about it (e.g., use move() from the File::Copy module).

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That introduces a very slight race condition where the file could disappear between the -f $file and the rename() call. – CanSpice Oct 7 '11 at 18:34
Include "$!" in the error message and you won't need the if/else. – Keith Thompson Oct 7 '11 at 19:04
@cansp Can you elaborate on that? – TLP Oct 7 '11 at 19:41
@CanSpice, in which case it will die when rename() fails rather than in the else. Not a big problem. It would be better, of course, to use $! as @Kieth suggests. – Kusalananda Oct 7 '11 at 20:54

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