Notifications via syslogd(8)
On my OpenBSD server, I log and email important messages from my web applications, which use facility local1. Here is my /etc/syslog.conf to make it happen:
local1.err |while read log; do echo "$log" | /usr/bin/mail -s SYSLOG firstname.lastname@example.org; done
Notice that the while loop infinitely reads each line from syslogd and then pipes it to mail via echo. This is important. Once echo outputs its line it terminates the pipe, sending mail an EOF so it can email the log message.
In other words, you can't pipe directly to mail via syslogd like so:
local1.err |/usr/bin/mail -s SYSLOG email@example.com
because syslogd will continue writing to the pipe until it is itself terminated or sent a HUP signal, at which time mail would send the entire set of log messages in one big email.
Notifications via newsyslog(8)
Scheduling newsyslog in cron is another way to get messages at a slower rate or in bulk.
For example, if you wanted a daily email digest of the log messages, set the M flag and specifying a monitor email address in /etc/newsyslog.conf:
# logfile_name owner:group mode count size when flags monitor
/var/log/example.com root:wheel 640 7 * 24 M firstname.lastname@example.org
Then schedule newsyslog in crontab:
# minute hour mday month wday command
0 * * * * /usr/bin/newsyslog
1-59 * * * * /usr/bin/newsyslog -m
The -m option for newsyslog(8) states:
Monitoring mode; only entries marked with an `M' in flags are
processed. For each log file being monitored, any log output
since the last time newsyslog was run with the -m flag is mailed
to the user listed in the monitor notification section.