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tl;dr Assuming a basic (but functioning) LDAP/PAM configuration, how come smbpasswd fails with this error message when I try to add an existing UNIX/LDAP user to Samba?

I have a basic, but working LDAP setup on a Debian server which has few accounts loaded with passwords and such, and their corresponding UNIX accounts have been created. I also have a basic PAM/NSS configuration which seems to be working.

I can login and use the accounts via LDAP. Now I want to configure a simple file share using Samba and have it authenticate users via the PAM/LDAP backend. I am at the point where I need to create Samba users using the smbpasswd utility, however this results in an error.

First, I set the LDAP password:

# smbpasswd -W

Then I tried adding a user which is already configured in LDAP:

# smbpasswd -a new_user
New SMB password:
Retype SMB password:
Failed to add entry for user new_user.

So I don't know why this command is failing. At first I figured it was because I needed to make the users in the LDAP directory be sambaSamAccounts. So I updated my user's LDIF file to look like this:

dn: cn=new_user,ou=group,dc=example,dc=com
cn: new_user
gidNumber: 1000
objectClass: top
objectClass: posixGroup

dn: uid=new_user,ou=people,dc=example,dc=com
objectClass: top
objectClass: inetOrgPerson
objectClass: posixAccount
objectClass: shadowAccount
objectClass: sambaSamAccount
uid: new_user
uidNumber: 1000
gidNumber: 1000
cn: test user
sn: new_user
loginShell: /bin/bash
homeDirectory: /home/new_user
sambaSID: 3000
sambaDomainName: TEST-ROME

The only changes made to the above LDIF were the additions of sambaSamAccount as an objectClass and sambaSID and sambaDomainName. Eventually I want to implement a PDC, so I am pretty sure I need a sambaSamAccount anyway.

However, after all that I still get the same error.

So how can one debug this error?

SOLVED After debugging the daemon as suggested, I found that smbpasswd was executing queries with an empty base dn field, thus returning no results. This was fixed by adding the ldap suffix and ldap user suffix fields into my smb.conf. After that I realized I needed a correct way to generate sambaSIDs as well, but that is a separate issue.

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up vote 2 down vote accepted

I found the best way to debug this issue is to see what's happening from the point of view of LDAP. Firstly do a "ps aux |grep slapd" to get the arguments being passed to the daemon, on my system (CentOS 5.6) I get:

/usr/sbin/slapd -h ldap:/// -u ldap

Stop the slapd daemon (/etc/init.d/slapd stop or similiar) and then run the daemon interactively (i.e. from the command line) using the "-d" flag. -1 (as an argument for -d) is a good starting point, i.e. it logs everything, i.e.

/usr/sbin/slapd -h ldap:/// -u ldap -d -1

If this is too much info, read up on the parameters to "-d" - from memory I used 256 quite a bit. The idea is to get slapd giving some useful output and then replicate the problem. You may get some useful output which is showing where things are going wrong.

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Ok I'll try that, but shouldn't samba be logging something for this? That is, shouldn't samba have a more detailed explanation of why smbpasswd is failing? – Mr. Shickadance Oct 27 '11 at 21:13
Quite possibly :-) However, my experience is that Samba tends to through some vanilla exception "NT_STATUS_ACCESS_DENIED", e.g. - looking at the actual LDAP queries and result/errors that slapd is providing was the best option for debugging. – prynhart Oct 27 '11 at 21:20
I think I noticed this before, but I am looking at some of the SRCH output, and I see that the base field is empty. For example SRCH base="" scope=2 deref=0 filter="(&(uid=androadm)(objectClass=sambaSamAccount))". Shouldn't that base field have my base dn like dc=example,dc=com? – Mr. Shickadance Oct 28 '11 at 13:35
Ok, to answer my own comment, manually running a search both with and without the base dn replicates the problem. If I search with base="", no results are returned (can't find the user in LDAP), but when I specify the base dn manually (base="dc=example,dc=com") it works fine. Note I didn't get smbpasswd working yet, but I think I've identified a problem. I replicated this by using ldapsearch and watching the log. Somehow I need to figure out why smbpasswd is searching with a null base dn. – Mr. Shickadance Oct 28 '11 at 13:53
Ok, continuing on my little thread here, I added the ldap suffix and ldap user suffix options to smb.conf, and it's moved a bit further. Now I am getting a different error that I think is related to my users LDAP entry, but the point was that by not specifying the ldap suffix options, smbpasswd ended up executing queries with empty base dn fields, thus returning no results. – Mr. Shickadance Oct 28 '11 at 14:14

Just Add the User into your local login User

For Ex :

useradd smbuser

smbpasswd -a smbuser

Then only you can able to add the user as samba user

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