I'm a novice linux admin and now responsible for the OS of a 3 node Tomcat cluster. (Tomcat is handled by the DEVs luckily.)
I got alarmed by our monitoring solution that /var on server01 has only 172MB left of free space. Most likely because /var/log did fill up.
So I investigated with:
server01:/var# for i in $(ls); do du -sh $i; done 3.5M backups 100M cache 51M lib 0 local 0 lock 598M log 0 mail 0 opt 40K run 32K spool 144K tmp 4.0K www
If I sum that up I end by something around 760MB used. The numbers don't change if I dig deeper into the directory tree. So this is correct.
But if I execute a df -h I end up with completely different numbers for /var. df shows that 2.8G out of 3.0G are used.
server01:/var# df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda1 950M 205M 697M 23% / tmpfs 2.0G 0 2.0G 0% /lib/init/rw udev 2.0G 4.0K 2.0G 1% /dev /dev/sda3 961M 33M 928M 4% /tmp /dev/dm-0 2.0G 506M 1.5G 26% /usr /dev/dm-1 3.0G 2.8G 172M 95% /var /dev/dm-2 20G 17G 3.3G 84% /home
The funny thing is, that the other 2 nodes are reporting even more used spaced on /var. Because /var/log/ on node 2 and 3 are consuming 200-300MB more space. But partitions and the underlying LVM are having the same size on all 3 nodes.
On server02 and server03 df -h reports that everything is fine and only 1.0 to 1.2GB are used from 3.0GB.
So where is my space being used?
I heared of those little bastards called inodes and checked for this. df -i reports:
server01:/var# df -i Filesystem Inodes IUsed IFree IUse% Mounted on /dev/sda1 123648 6099 117549 5% / tmpfs 506908 3 506905 1% /lib/init/rw udev 506487 675 505812 1% /dev /dev/sda3 987968 7 987961 1% /tmp /dev/dm-0 2048000 19786 2028214 1% /usr /dev/dm-1 705808 1807 704001 1% /var /dev/dm-2 13619632 5906 13613726 1% /home
And on server02 and server03:
server03:/var# df -i Filesystem Inodes IUsed IFree IUse% Mounted on /dev/sda1 123648 6100 117548 5% / tmpfs 506908 3 506905 1% /lib/init/rw /dev 506487 675 505812 1% /dev /dev/sda3 987968 7 987961 1% /tmp /dev/dm-0 2048000 19784 2028216 1% /usr /dev/dm-1 3096576 1758 3094818 1% /var /dev/dm-2 13113840 5642 13108198 1% /home
So /var on server01 has 705.808 inodes, while server02 and server03 have 3.096.576 inodes on /var. But is this really the cause? As only 1% is used on each node.
If yes, how do I increase the inodes? (All filesystems are XFS out of / that is ext2)
/etc/fstab is the same on all 3 nodes. OS is Debian Lenny 64bit with Kernel 126.96.36.199.