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I'm running an Ubuntu 10.04 LTS, Apache version 2.2.14.

On httpd.conf I've a rewrite rule that look like this:

RewriteRule (*UTF8)^/users/([^/])([^/]+)/(.*)$ /users/$1/$2/$1$2/$3 [L]    

The idea is to set directories to internationalized domain name (IDN) in my server.

I keep getting

RewriteRule: cannot compile regular expression

Any idea if it is the demon version or something else?

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Have you tried running it through a regexp validator? Returning as invalid for me. What is the purpose of (*UTF-8) at the start before the opening ^, I've never seen anything like that before and can't find it documented, yet when I remove it the regexp becomes valid –  sam Nov 23 '11 at 9:29
Well Sam, I need that the IDN's will be in UTF8 and not in asccii. Do you know a way that I can do that? I saw a working example that does it like that and the only difference that I can think of is the demon version... –  koby Nov 23 '11 at 9:36
Any chance you could post the example? As I understood it 1) nothing should come before the ^ within the rewrite rule, 2) If you want to match UTF-8 characters the code you have (([^/])) should work (As would .* or (.+)) and 3) Browsers encode UTF-8 characters outside the standard ASCII range (So á becomes %C3%A1 when sent to the server). Try removing (*UTF-8) from the start of the regex and see if it works –  sam Nov 23 '11 at 9:42
Sam, The example is similar to my use. As I understand it, IDN's translate to "xn--" (Bücher.ch translated to xn--bcher-kva.ch, Wikipedia example). So removing the UTF8 might remove the error, but will not work... –  koby Nov 23 '11 at 10:00
@koby Any URL to show where this "working example" is? –  Olivier Pons Nov 23 '11 at 11:21
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1 Answer

(*UTF8) is not a valid regular expression, and I'm not sure why you're requesting it--things like .* and the like in your regular expression will match any character, UTF8 encoded or not. What you're referring to is perl--not mod_rewrite, which requires explicit enabling of utf8 support.

For mod_rewrite, you're trying to treat a particular encoding in a special way, and its just not needed in this case.


RewriteRule ^/users/(.*)$ /newusers/$1 [L]

will match:


and so on. However, keep in mind that using character classes like [a-zA-Z] will NOT match utf8.

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I know that (*UTF8) if not a valid expression, all I'm trying to do is to make sure that the expression I'm getting is UTF8 and not ascii. if I'm making a wget call for Bücher.ch(with my server ip), I'm getting ascii on the apache and my regex is no good. How can I convert it to UTF8? –  koby Nov 25 '11 at 7:15
The encoding isn't done by Apache; its done by your browser. There's no such thing as UTF8 encoding in a URL. When you type in /users/café, that will get percent encoded to /users/caf%E9. Your browser may do this transparently, but Apache will convert it back to UTF8 automatically. So if you wanted to match anything that ends in é, you could use /users/(.*\XE9) (note the hex encoded string in the rule). However, to match ANYTHING, regardless of unicode, . will match any character, be it UTF-8, Latin-1, ascii, etc.. –  Andrew M. Nov 25 '11 at 15:36
I'm trying to redirect a request. all browsers are encoding it to UTF8, but other application (wget,bots etc) are sending it with ascii encoding so the regex wont work for both, and I need it to work on both... –  koby Nov 25 '11 at 19:28
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