I think this is possible in theory, although I've never seen it done in practice. Whether you'd get a decent user experience over a remote connection is a different question. I think you might also run into vendor support issues. Vendors of this stuff tend to be a bit picky about supported configurations. In the first instance, I'd go to them and get them to provide a reference site with a configuration they're prepared to support.
As an alternative, you can get laptops with mobile quadro cards certified to run with most if not all major CAD applications. They're a bit pricey, but well and truly lost in the noise compared to the cost per seat of any major CAD application. At a guess, I'd say this will work better than attempts to run it over a remote connection.