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I help out with the IT work at the church I attend. We currently have Windows Small Business Server 2008 set up.

It is being used for domain authentication/security, DNS, Folder redirection, Sharepoint(not used), Exchange (used up until last week when we migrated to Google apps), and a file share. (Remote web is not used)

The server has many issues, and needs to be replaced. I thought of an idea that should make it pretty painless, but wanted to make sure it would work.

  1. Install Server 2008 Standard R2 on a provisioned server.
  2. Join it to the domain and add it as a domain controller.
  3. Add DNS service
  4. Change the location of the folder redirection to the new server
  5. Move the file shares over, and use DNS to (hopefully) make it seamless to the users that is changed
  6. Now that the needed services are there, take the old server offline.

My thought is that now since the new server has the 3 pieces we are using everything will keep working. I have a few questions regarding the plan.

  • Does it sound reasonable?
  • Can you "Upgrade" from SBS to a Standard this way?
  • Will I need to sieze the roles of the original DC? (How can I do this?)

I have never done a server migration like this, so please let me know if I am missing something.

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1 Answer

up vote 3 down vote accepted

You'll want to ensure that your existing Active Directory and Exchange environment is already healthy. If it's not, definitely clean that up before any migration. You're on the right track with everything else. Transfer DHCP to the new server once it's a member and a domain controller. Installing and migrating Exchange isn't something that you'll be doing, so that's a huge load off your shoulders.

However, I didn't see you mention two important things:

  1. Transfer the 5 FSMO roles from the SBS machine to the new machine
  2. dcpromo the SBS 2008 machine to gracefully remove it from the network. Then unplug it. Never just ditch a domain controller. Bad things happen. Baaaad things.

I also didn't see you mention that you'll be using a second domain controller. I would strongly advise that you do, even if it's just a token $400 SuperMicro to have in case something bad happens to the primary.

For more information, check out this blog post about migrating SBS 2003 to Server 2008 R2 (however, the principles remain the same)

You may want to consider some of the products that are featured at www.SBSMigration.com. They've been around for quite a while and will be quite a benefit to you. (Note, I have nothing to do with them and do not profit from recommending them) However I believe that their products are tailored to those who are transferring the gutsier parts such as Exchange and SharePoint.


EDIT

To check the health of AD you'll want to run an array of diagnostics. Event Viewer is definitely a part of that. Search for all errors on the box in various categories and see what comes back. Other tools are used as well like dcdiag.exe with various /test variants, netdiag.exe and repadming with various switches. Take a look at this MSMVP blog and this ITToolbox entry for more detailed information. I would also run the SBS BPA.


A word concerning licensing

When You move away from SBS, you will be introduced into the frightening world of fractured Microsoft CALs. Sure, SBS has standard and Enterprise CALs. However, your use of Exchange, SharePoint and SQL Server are unified in SBS CALs (which is why they're so expensive). When you start migrating to the non-SBS world, you now have to factor in the cost of Windows Server CALs, Exchange CALs (standard and enterprise), SharePoint CALs, SQL Server CALs, SCCM CALs, SCOM CALs... on and on and on.

Fortunately for your organization (I'm assuming your church has the proper governmental non-profit status) you will get some awesome deals on licensing. I've worked with non-profits and been pleasantly surprised at the discounts that we could get.

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Once the SBS is offline, I plan on making it a backup. I know how to add secondary DCs, I have just never migrated what is basically an entire environment before. Thanks! –  Joe Dec 16 '11 at 5:45
    
How can I ensure AD is healthy? Just the event logs? and if it is ?broken what should I do? –  Joe Dec 16 '11 at 5:46
    
@joe Updated my answer! –  Wesley Dec 16 '11 at 5:56
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You should also consider the licensing costs of migrating off of sbs, usually its considerably more expensive since now every product needs its own CAL –  Jim B Dec 16 '11 at 6:56
    
@JimB Fortunately they're not using Exchange or SharePoint and apparently not SQL Server either. I'll update my answer though. –  Wesley Dec 16 '11 at 7:15
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