Server Fault is a question and answer site for system and network administrators. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

What are the standard Linux directories, like /etc?

share|improve this question
possible duplicate of… – warren Nov 16 '10 at 3:00

/bin - common binaries

/sbin - Binaries used for system administration are placed here.

/boot - static files of the boot loader

/dev - device files such as your CD drive, hard disk, and any other physical device.

/home - user home directories are found here.

/lib - Essential shared libraries and kernel modules

/mnt - temporary mount point useful for when you insert your USB stick etc.

/var - variable data, such as logs, news, mail spool files and so on which is constantly being modified by various programs running on your system.

/tmp - temporary files are placed here by default.

/usr - the secondary hierarchy which contain its own bin and sbin sub-directories.

/etc - Usually contain the configuration files for all the programs that run on your system.

/opt - Third party application packages which does not conform to the standard Linux file hierarchy can be installed here.

/srv - Contains data for services provided by the system.

share|improve this answer
Umm... what was the point in asking a question you already had the answer to? – skaffman Jun 30 '09 at 20:47
@skaffman - probably trying to get the self-learner badge or just whoring for rep :) – Eric Petroelje Jun 30 '09 at 20:49
Should that question have had "...Rhetorical" at the end of it? – the.jxc Jun 30 '09 at 20:58
so is 1/4 a wiki, it's stuff i'd like to keep here – Scott Kramer Jun 30 '09 at 21:02
there's a self-learner badge...? gimme a break Eric – Scott Kramer Jun 30 '09 at 21:05

Debian definition:

This one seems "good enough" for me to link it, but I don't know what's the exact origin:

The google keyword is "file system hierarchy".

share|improve this answer

If you will look to the right --> There is a Related section that has a link to this question which provides the same information as the question you asked and answered.

share|improve this answer

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.