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I know how to backup IIS 7 configuration, but unaware of a way to backup which folder requires write permissions.

If a server was to go down and I needed to restore, I could restore the config and files easily, but the folders would be lacking permissions that were set for user uploading etc.

Is there a way to do this?

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What backup software are you using? Most will preserve file permissions. – Sam Jan 28 '12 at 11:31

Windows Server Backup saves the NTFS permissions for all files and folders by default, just like almost every other backup tool for Windows.

If you're unsure, I suggest doing a test-run by restoring your data to a new location, then take a look at the permissions on the restored files.

On the off chance that your backup tool doesn't save the permissions, you might be interested in this technet article about How to back up and restore NTFS permissions. With icacls you can save the permissions into a text file and later restore permissions from that same text file.

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