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Is there a way to be notified/trigger a script when a particular file is opened for reading or writing? I'm not specifically thinking of security but if anyone knows any linux/unix security mechanisms that can accomplish the same thing that will also work.

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up vote 3 down vote accepted

Yep - incron uses the kernel's inotify mechanism, and will do exactly what you want. It's like "regular" cron, but instead of triggering jobs at certain time intervals, it triggers jobs based on filesystem changes.

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