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After a power failure, Ubuntu 10.04 Server hard drive is no longer bootable. I tried using boot-repair but it couldn't locate an operating system.

I ran gdisk to verify where the lvm partition was and that it was still in tact. Here is the output:

GPT fdisk (gdisk) version 0.6.14

Partition table scan:
  MBR: protective
  BSD: not present
  APM: not present
  GPT: present

Found valid GPT with protective MBR; using GPT.

Command (? for help): p
Disk /dev/sdb: 3907029168 sectors, 1.8 TiB
Logical sector size: 512 bytes
Disk identifier (GUID): 3A0E99EE-74F9-41F5-81A0-7B7D7235DE8E
Partition table holds up to 128 entries
First usable sector is 34, last usable sector is 3907029134
Partitions will be aligned on 2048-sector boundaries
Total free space is 2157 sectors (1.1 MiB)

Number  Start (sector)    End (sector)  Size       Code  Name
   1            2048            4095   1024.0 KiB  EF02  
   2            4096          503807   244.0 MiB   EF00  
   3          503808      3907028991   1.8 TiB     8E00  

Command (? for help): i
Partition number (1-3): 3
Partition GUID code: E6D6D379-F507-44C2-A23C-238F2A3DF928 (Linux LVM)
Partition unique GUID: 4F35492A-C6DD-4E31-9D53-8C88A74A1B48
First sector: 503808 (at 246.0 MiB)
Last sector: 3907028991 (at 1.8 TiB)
Partition size: 3906525184 sectors (1.8 TiB)
Attribute flags: 0000000000000000
Partition name: 

So, it's still there and apparently in tact, so I went on to do vgscan:

:/# vgscan

Reading all physical volumes. This may take a while... Found volume group "ubuntu" using metadata type lvm2

So, I did :/# vgchange -ay ubuntu followed by :/# lvs and got:

LV     VG     Attr   LSize   Origin Snap%  Move Log Copy%  Convert

root   ubuntu -wi-ao   4.40g

swap_1 ubuntu -wi-a- 260.00m  

The thing is, there should be another VG in there almost 1.8TB in size but it isn't showing.

So.. is there any way to recover a LV that isn't showing for lvs? I need to recover 1 important file in there that was created after the last backup was made.

:/# vgdisplay

  --- Volume group ---
  VG Name               ubuntu
  System ID             
  Format                lvm2
  Metadata Areas        1
  Metadata Sequence No  3
  VG Access             read/write
  VG Status             resizable
  MAX LV                0
  Cur LV                2
  Open LV               0
  Max PV                0
  Cur PV                1
  Act PV                1
  VG Size               1.82 TiB
  PE Size               4.00 MiB
  Total PE              476870
  Alloc PE / Size       1191 / 4.65 GiB
  Free  PE / Size       475679 / 1.81 TiB
  VG UUID               r3Z9Io-bWk7-i7wp-9QGZ-mF3o-ucQs-SdsaGW
share|improve this question
What about 'vgscan --mknodes'? Also try to check /etc/lvm/backup... – Jiri Xichtkniha Mar 8 '12 at 9:05
What does vgdisplay say? – Bittrance Mar 8 '12 at 9:11
@JiriXichtkniha - 'vgscan --mknodes' gives the same result as I pasted for 'vgscan' above. /etc is inside the lost volume so I can't view it. – Joseph Mar 9 '12 at 0:31
@Bittrance - I've added the output of vgdisplay to the question because the formatting works better than in a comment. – Joseph Mar 9 '12 at 0:34

I'm unclear if you're now missing a single 1.8TB LV or a 1.8TB PV + VG + LV. If the LV was located in a different VG, then best try to located the missing disk, starting from pvscan. You might for example just have a lvm filter or cache issue. Many distros try to make you hurt a lot by adding lvm.conf to the initrd, but not telling you you'll need to rebuild it if you change it later on. You can run pvscan -vvv and see if it says anything about "ignored by filtering".

If you just lost the LV from the config, then the question is how that happened and if it's still readable. So a test dd from the disk into /dev/null might be a good starting point, i.e. see if you can read "roundabout where the old LV was located"

Normally though I'd first make the system boot successfully again, by commenting out the affected LV in fstab.

As a last-est resort you can find the last LVM config backups on your disk. One can read it using something like dd + strings + grep -A1000 "LVM". But you're not that lost yet :) Based on that config one can re-create the older states of the LVM config to disk. But before doing that you have to be clear about whats corrupted and I would test the whole thing on a copy of the affected disk, not on the original one.

share|improve this answer
thanks for your answer. pvscan -vvv spits out an awful lot but there is nothing in there ignored by filtering. What I did notice, though, is that when it reads the metadata from /dev/sdb3, it lists /dev/sdb3 0, /dev/sdb3 1 and /dev/sdb3 2. It's more information than I got from running lvs which didn't show the 3rd one as 1191 475679: NULL(0:0). I've never seen this before. The other 2 are root(0:0) and swap_1(0:0). – Joseph Mar 9 '12 at 4:53
Also, the entire OS was installed on the LV that is missing so I don't have access to edit the fstab nor is there any hope of booting. I've just mounted the drive in another computer for analysis. – Joseph Mar 9 '12 at 4:55
Hi, do you have it back already? Otherwise it would be great if you could supply a lot more info (via pastebin for example) for people to look at. good luck! – Florian Heigl Mar 11 '12 at 0:56
thanks for checking back... no I haven't got the data back yet :-( One thing I forgot to mention is that this HDD used to be part of a RAID1 array. One drive physically died and the other one is messed up (as described above). I'm not sure if that changes things when it comes to data recovery or not. I'm ready to supply whatever other information is necessary but I'm not sure what else would help people to solve this problem! – Joseph Mar 12 '12 at 1:59

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