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How do I exclude directories when listing files in the current directory?

ls .

^ will include directories in the listing.

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up vote 12 down vote accepted

Try this one:

find . -maxdepth 1 -not -type d
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keep it simple: $ find . -type f – jamzed Mar 10 '12 at 19:14
No. (1) it would be recursive, (2) it would not list symlinks. @Steve asked for equivalent of ls . without directories — and here it is. – Alexander Gladysh Mar 10 '12 at 19:20
Adding -ls or -exec ls -l {} \; would make it like ls -l without directories. – Ladadadada Mar 10 '12 at 20:06

To get it exactly equivalent to ls . you need to not show hidden dirs.

find . -maxdepth 1 -not -type d -and -not -name '.*'

and that still leaves you with './' prefixed to each filename. That's not really an issue, but I think it's kinda ugly. I went with:

ls -p | grep -v '/$'

And that will get you a listing that looks the same, and you can add additional ls arguments too. Add a --color=always and you'll get your dircolors back, or -a to see hidden files.

I like Alexander's answer because he's actually depending on a filesystem characteristic of the file in question so it won't get fooled ever. My answer will get fooled by a file that has a '/' as the last character in it's name. But that seems like it's asking for trouble.

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'-not' is GNU find related, as it is not POSIX compliant, it's better not to teach these options as an user could have "bad" habbits and feel lost on other UNIXes :) – Jiri Xichtkniha Mar 10 '12 at 20:30

try this:

$ find . -type f -maxdepth 1

or this:

$ ls -p | egrep -v /$

$ ls -la | egrep -v ^d

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Though it's an old post, but i thought this might help..

$ ls -l |grep -v ^d

It will list all the files including symlinks,character and block files.

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ls $(file --no-pad  -F' '  * | grep -v directory | cut -d' ' -f1)

With this you can still use any other options ls usually takes. Or... remove -v to list only directories. Or... replace directory with any other filetype that file understands and reports, like ASCII, empty, ELF, and so on.

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The "find" solutions above lose some of the capabilities of ls - for example: list only files, sorted in descending modification time.

The "ls -p | grep" answers do not elegantly deal with other elements of ls such as -R should they be desired

The following answer, while more verbose, in my opinion reflects the truest ls behaviour and most flexibility for selecting "files only"

ls -t . | while read line; do
  if [ -f $line ]; then
    echo $line

Simply replace the ls switches as desired and the result will be returned with files only. If links and other items are also required then minor rework would need to be done to the test for inclusion.

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