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I have loop in shell script and it takes time process only a few files in the list. How do I push the process in the background and select the next file while the first file is still being processed?

   for newfile in `ls new*`
    time consuming process &

I tried & at the end of the command after > /dev/null 2>&1 but it does not seem to work.

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up vote 2 down vote accepted

To put a process in background just put the & at the end and remove the ; you used to terminate the command before done

for newfile in new* ; do
    long_running_command 2>&1 > /dev/null &

You don't need the

`ls new*`

you can just use


the shell will expand it for you.


touch new1
touch new2
for newfile in new* ; do ls $newfile 2>&1 > /dev/null & done


[1] 92197
[1]+  Done                    ls $newfile 2>&1 > /dev/null
[1] 92198
[1]+  Done                    ls $newfile 2>&1 > /dev/null
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