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I'm running Ubuntu 11.10 - setting up NFS to share a directory among many other servers. Which ports are required to be opened on the firewall?

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It depends on the version of the protocol you intent to use. NFS 4 only require 2049 while older versions require more. – lzap Sep 11 '15 at 9:26
up vote 44 down vote accepted

rpcinfo -p | grep nfs

Port 111 (TCP and UDP) and 2049 (TCP and UDP) for the NFS server.

There are also ports for Cluster and client status (Port 1110 TCP for the former, and 1110 UDP for the latter) as well as a port for the NFS lock manager (Port 4045 TCP and UDP). Only you can determine which ports you need to allow depending on which services are needed cross-gateway.

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I did not know about rpcinfo, that is quite useful. I didn't see the port 111 with the grep nfs, but I left off the grep to learn that 111 is for portmapper. Also good to know! (and like you mentioned, necessary) – kenny Apr 5 '12 at 21:12
@KennyYounger rpcinfo is a useful too. If this answered your question, don't forget to mark it as the answer for the benefit of future viewers. – Wesley Apr 5 '12 at 21:17
You need mountd open when you first mount the filesystem. It runs on a dynamic port, so it won't always be the same. I put a link to a guide in my answer. – bonsaiviking Apr 5 '12 at 21:23
@bonsaiviking Excellent! Thank you. – Wesley Apr 5 '12 at 21:33
Thanks @bonsaiviking. Critical info for this process. I upvoted your answer! – kenny Apr 6 '12 at 0:25

In addition to 111 for portmapper and 2049 for nfs, you will need to allow the mountd port and possibly rquotad, lockd, and statd, all of which can be dynamic. This excellent NFS security guide recommends changing your startup scripts and kernel module configs to force them to use static ports.

In addition to the guide above, which has a section on firewalls, see my answer to another question about hardening NFS.

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We really do prefer content, not pointers to content. A précis of the content with a link is ok too and preferred to a link. – Iain Apr 5 '12 at 21:31

With FERM one can use Backticks to get the ports from rpcinfo, for example:


proto tcp {saddr ($CLIENT) {
  dport (`rpcinfo -p | perl -e 'while(<>){/\s+\d+\s+\d\s+(?:tcp)\s+(\d+)/ and $ports{$1}=1}; $, = " "; print sort(keys(%ports)),"\n"'`) ACCEPT; # NFS
proto udp {saddr ($CLIENT) {
  dport (`rpcinfo -p | perl -e 'while(<>){/\s+\d+\s+\d\s+(?:udp)\s+(\d+)/ and $ports{$1}=1}; $, = " "; print sort(keys(%ports)),"\n"'`) ACCEPT; # NFS


proto udp {saddr ($SERVER) {ACCEPT;}}  # NFS

(If you're only going to use the TCP then you need only the proto tcp part).

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Check out the services file under the /etc directory. This file has information about the service, port type and number.

Sathish ~ # cat /etc/services | grep -i nfs
nfs     2049/tcp            # Network File System
nfs     2049/udp            # Network File System
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/etc/services does not contain enough information to construct a firewall policy which blocks unwanted traffic, but allows all necessary NFS traffic – Felipe Alvarez Nov 15 '13 at 1:49
/etc/services is a static file, which does not contain the (possibly dynamic/random) ports used by mountd (and others). – basic6 May 24 '15 at 16:03

For the records, I had to add permissions for ports 111, 2049 AND 1048 for a configuration where an NFS share is exported by a Windows 2008 R2 server and the clients are Ubuntu 12.04.4.

I hope this helps someone.

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It might help to explain why you needed port 1048 and how you determined that. – HBruijn Dec 16 '15 at 10:48
Frankly, I don't have a clue why I needed to add a permission for 1048, but adding that solved my problem. I just wanted to share if that can save time someone else in the future. I am sorry for not being able to answer the question. – Erdem KAYA Dec 20 '15 at 10:33

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