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I'm currently working on setting up a QA environment on EC2 along side our production environment. All of the instances are within a VPC setup, with the following subnets:

10.0.83.0/24 - Production
10.0.81.0/24 - QA

I have a EC2 instance running as a gateway machine that is already has 2 NICs, which seems to be the limit (One NIC for the external IP, the other for internal). My initial plan was to just add another NIC in the 10.0.81.0/24 subnet, but that seems to be impossible.

So, my next plan was to add the new IP to the existing internal NIC, which results in this config:

eth1      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 06:84:b1:68:6a:72
          inet addr:10.0.83.10  Bcast:10.0.83.255  Mask:255.255.255.0   

eth1:0    Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 06:84:b1:68:6a:72
          inet addr:10.0.81.10  Bcast:10.0.81.255  Mask:255.255.255.0

And then insuring the virtual NIC is in the correct security groups. The routing table appears correct:

10.0.83.0       *               255.255.255.0   U     203    0        0 eth1
10.0.81.0       *               255.255.255.0   U     0      0        0 eth1

I then set up shorewall for the new address, and restarted it:

/etc/shorewall/interfaces:
#ZONE   INTERFACE       BROADCAST       OPTIONS
....
-       eth1            10.0.83.255,10.0.81.255 logmartians
....

/etc/shorewall/hosts
#ZONE   HOST(S)                                 OPTIONS
loc     eth1:10.0.83.0/24
qa      eth1:10.0.81.0/24

/etc/shorewall/policy
#SOURCE DEST    POLICY          LOG     LIMIT:          CONNLIMIT:
#                               LEVEL   BURST           MASK
qa      net     ACCEPT
$FW     qa      ACCEPT

The generated iptables rules appear sane, however, I do not have connectivity to the 10.0.81.0/24 subnet (either pinging or nmap)

Anyone have experience with a setup like this in EC2, that can hopefully point out something obvious I'm missing?

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From where do you can't ping 10.0.81.0/24. Yes I did the multi IP shorewall setup on a single host. –  Chakri Jun 1 '12 at 17:35
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1 Answer

I dont think you can just alias an Elastic Network Interface (ENI) into another subnet. Have you tried adding another private IP to it through the AWS console (right click the instance and click manage network interfaces, or something like that)?

Also, different instances have limits on the number of interfaces they can have. Heres a table: http://docs.aws.amazon.com/AWSEC2/latest/UserGuide/using-eni.html#AvailableIpPerENI

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