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I'm trying to create a dev environment on my 64 bit 12.04 Ubuntu machine, and I was having the damndest time getting virtualhosts to work. I finally figured out what the problem was, but I can't understand it really.

I set the document root for my virtualhosts to be in my home directory -- namely:


When I go to in the browser, I get

Forbidden You don't have permission to access / on this server. Apache/2.2.22 (Ubuntu) Server at Port 80

In the logs, I see

[Sat Jun 16 09:55:25 2012] [crit] [client] (13)Permission denied: /home/robert/Dropbox/.htaccess pcfg_openfile: unable to check htaccess file, ensure it is readable

I move my document root directory instead to /home/robert/www/personville

modify the virtualhost settings accordingly, reload, and then suddenly everything works! This is bad because I want to keep all my source within my Dropbox folder for backup.

My permissions for the dropbox folder seem normal enough:

robert@kundera-linux:~/Dropbox$ ls -al
total 1036
drwx------ 29 robert robert   4096 Jun 15 09:11 .
drwxr-xr-x 60 robert robert   4096 Jun 15 21:15 ..
-rw-rw-r--  1 robert robert     29 Jun 15 09:11 .dropbox
drwxrwxr-x  2 robert robert 262144 Jun 13 05:22 .dropbox.cache
drwxrwxr-x  5 robert robert   4096 Jun  9 00:00 www

No symbolic links or unusually stringent permissions. In addition, I don't see any .htaccess problems that might give any problems (and why would apache2 care about .htaccess permission problems above the Document root?)

I appreciate any ideas for how to resolve this problem in a way that lets me keep the source files within Dropbox.

The not-working virtualhost file is below:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
    # DocumentRoot /var/www
    DocumentRoot /home/robert/Dropbox/www/personville

    <Directory /home/robert/Dropbox/www/personville>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride None
        Order allow,deny
        allow from all

    ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/personvillepress2error.log
    # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
    # alert, emerg.
    LogLevel warn
    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

Update: I see that others have encountered this issue before.

I am not really worried about security here -- this is a dev box; I'm mainly worried about backup and access from other machines. I'm thinking of using git to deploy to a live site, so all I want is a way for my local data to be backed up. Can anyone suggest a solution? Thanks.

share|improve this question
This is probably a better fit for SU. – Iain Jun 16 '12 at 17:03
up vote 5 down vote accepted

It looks to me like a simple permissions issue. On Ubuntu Apache runs as user www-data group www-data. As we can see from your directory listing the permissions on your ~/Dropbox directory (via .) are drwx------ or 700. Thus Apache as www-data:www-data is denied access.

chmod 755 ~/Dropbox

will probably fix the immediate problem. In general you will need to provide o:rx permissions on directories and o:r permissions on files to allow Apache to access the files.

share|improve this answer
this is exactly right. the Dropbox directory doesn't have r or x permission for group. so all I needed to do was "sudo g+wx Dropbox" directory in my home directory, and everything was fixed. – idiotprogrammer Apr 21 '13 at 22:24

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