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I have three sites, Toronto (1.1.1.1), Mississauga (2.2.2.2) and San Francisco (3.3.3.3). All three sites have ASA 5520. All the sites are connected together with two site-to-site VPN links between each other location.

My issue is that the tunnel between Toronto and San Francisco is very unstable, dropping every 40 min to 60 mins. The tunnel between Toronto and Mississauga (which is configured in the same manner) is fine with no drops.

I also noticed that my pings with drop but the ASA thinks that the tunnel is still up and running.

Here is the configuration of the tunnel.

Toronto (1.1.1.1)

crypto map Outside_map 1 match address Outside_cryptomap
crypto map Outside_map 1 set peer 3.3.3.3 
crypto map Outside_map 1 set ikev1 transform-set ESP-AES-256-MD5 ESP-AES-256-SHA
crypto map Outside_map 1 set ikev2 ipsec-proposal AES256

group-policy GroupPolicy_3.3.3.3 internal
group-policy GroupPolicy_3.3.3.3 attributes
 vpn-idle-timeout none
 vpn-tunnel-protocol ikev1 ikev2

tunnel-group 3.3.3.3 type ipsec-l2l
tunnel-group 3.3.3.3 general-attributes
 default-group-policy GroupPolicy_3.3.3.3
tunnel-group 3.3.3.3 ipsec-attributes
 ikev1 pre-shared-key *****
 isakmp keepalive disable
 ikev2 remote-authentication pre-shared-key *****
 ikev2 local-authentication pre-shared-key *****

San Francisco (3.3.3.3)

crypto map Outside_map0 2 match address Outside_cryptomap_1
crypto map Outside_map0 2 set peer 1.1.1.1 
crypto map Outside_map0 2 set ikev1 transform-set ESP-AES-256-MD5 ESP-AES-256-SHA
crypto map Outside_map0 2 set ikev2 ipsec-proposal AES256

group-policy GroupPolicy_1.1.1.1 internal
group-policy GroupPolicy_1.1.1.1 attributes
 vpn-idle-timeout none
 vpn-tunnel-protocol ikev1 ikev2

tunnel-group 1.1.1.1 type ipsec-l2l
tunnel-group 1.1.1.1 general-attributes
 default-group-policy GroupPolicy_1.1.1.1
tunnel-group 1.1.1.1 ipsec-attributes
 ikev1 pre-shared-key *****
 isakmp keepalive disable
 ikev2 remote-authentication pre-shared-key *****
 ikev2 local-authentication pre-shared-key *****

I'm at a loss. Any ideas?

Update:

# show crypto isakmp sa

 IKEv1 SAs:

    Active SA: 2
     Rekey SA: 0 (A tunnel will report 1 Active and 1 Rekey SA during rekey)
 Total IKE SA: 2

 1   IKE Peer: 3.3.3.3
     Type    : L2L             Role    : initiator 
     Rekey   : no              State   : MM_ACTIVE 
 2   IKE Peer: 2.2.2.2
     Type    : L2L             Role    : responder 
     Rekey   : no              State   : MM_ACTIVE 

 There are no IKEv2 SAs



 # show crypto ipsec sa
 interface: Outside
     Crypto map tag: External_map, seq num: 3, local addr: 1.1.1.1

       access-list Outside_cryptomap_1 extended permit ip 10.0.0.0 255.255.0.0 10.99.0.0 255.255.255.0 
       local ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (10.0.0.0/255.255.0.0/0/0)
       remote ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (10.99.0.0/255.255.255.0/0/0)
       current_peer: 74.200.4.148

       #pkts encaps: 30948, #pkts encrypt: 30948, #pkts digest: 30948
       #pkts decaps: 28516, #pkts decrypt: 28516, #pkts verify: 28516
       #pkts compressed: 0, #pkts decompressed: 0
       #pkts not compressed: 30948, #pkts comp failed: 0, #pkts decomp failed: 0
       #pre-frag successes: 0, #pre-frag failures: 0, #fragments created: 0
       #PMTUs sent: 0, #PMTUs rcvd: 0, #decapsulated frgs needing reassembly: 0
       #send errors: 0, #recv errors: 0

       local crypto endpt.: 1.1.1.1/0, remote crypto endpt.: 2.2.2.2/0
       path mtu 1500, ipsec overhead 74, media mtu 1500
       current outbound spi: EFADD3D6
       current inbound spi : 756AB014

     inbound esp sas:
       spi: 0x756AB014 (1969926164)
          transform: esp-aes-256 esp-md5-hmac no compression 
          in use settings ={L2L, Tunnel, PFS Group 2, }
          slot: 0, conn_id: 1015808, crypto-map: External_map
          sa timing: remaining key lifetime (kB/sec): (4372005/17024)
          IV size: 16 bytes
          replay detection support: Y
          Anti replay bitmap: 
           0xFFFFFFFF 0xFFFFFFFF
     outbound esp sas:
       spi: 0xEFADD3D6 (4021146582)
          transform: esp-aes-256 esp-md5-hmac no compression 
          in use settings ={L2L, Tunnel, PFS Group 2, }
          slot: 0, conn_id: 1015808, crypto-map: External_map
          sa timing: remaining key lifetime (kB/sec): (4369303/17024)
          IV size: 16 bytes
          replay detection support: Y
          Anti replay bitmap: 
           0x00000000 0x00000001

     Crypto map tag: External_map, seq num: 3, local addr: 1.1.1.1

       access-list Outside_cryptomap_1 extended permit ip 10.0.0.0 255.255.0.0 10.100.0.0 255.255.0.0 
       local ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (10.0.0.0/255.255.0.0/0/0)
       remote ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (10.100.0.0/255.255.0.0/0/0)
       current_peer: 2.2.2.2

       #pkts encaps: 18777146, #pkts encrypt: 18777329, #pkts digest: 18777329
       #pkts decaps: 23208489, #pkts decrypt: 23208489, #pkts verify: 23208489
       #pkts compressed: 0, #pkts decompressed: 0
       #pkts not compressed: 18777328, #pkts comp failed: 0, #pkts decomp failed: 0
       #pre-frag successes: 1, #pre-frag failures: 0, #fragments created: 2
       #PMTUs sent: 0, #PMTUs rcvd: 0, #decapsulated frgs needing reassembly: 0
       #send errors: 0, #recv errors: 0

       local crypto endpt.: 1.1.1.1/0, remote crypto endpt.: 2.2.2.2/0
       path mtu 1500, ipsec overhead 74, media mtu 1500
       current outbound spi: D2002A5B
       current inbound spi : 2E1F7B20

     inbound esp sas:
       spi: 0x2E1F7B20 (773815072)
          transform: esp-aes-256 esp-md5-hmac no compression 
          in use settings ={L2L, Tunnel, PFS Group 2, }
          slot: 0, conn_id: 1015808, crypto-map: External_map
          sa timing: remaining key lifetime (kB/sec): (3224936/17000)
          IV size: 16 bytes
          replay detection support: Y
          Anti replay bitmap: 
           0xFFFFFFFF 0xFFFFFFFF
     outbound esp sas:
       spi: 0xD2002A5B (3523226203)
          transform: esp-aes-256 esp-md5-hmac no compression 
          in use settings ={L2L, Tunnel, PFS Group 2, }
          slot: 0, conn_id: 1015808, crypto-map: External_map
          sa timing: remaining key lifetime (kB/sec): (2120164/17000)
          IV size: 16 bytes
          replay detection support: Y
          Anti replay bitmap: 
           0x00000000 0x00000001

     Crypto map tag: External_map, seq num: 3, local addr: 1.1.1.1

       access-list Outside_cryptomap_1 extended permit ip 10.0.0.0 255.255.0.0 10.110.0.0 255.255.0.0 
       local ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (10.0.0.0/255.255.0.0/0/0)
       remote ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (10.110.0.0/255.255.0.0/0/0)
       current_peer: 2.2.2.2

       #pkts encaps: 1289226, #pkts encrypt: 1289226, #pkts digest: 1289226
       #pkts decaps: 1594987, #pkts decrypt: 1594987, #pkts verify: 1594987
       #pkts compressed: 0, #pkts decompressed: 0
       #pkts not compressed: 1289226, #pkts comp failed: 0, #pkts decomp failed: 0
       #pre-frag successes: 0, #pre-frag failures: 0, #fragments created: 0
       #PMTUs sent: 0, #PMTUs rcvd: 0, #decapsulated frgs needing reassembly: 27
       #send errors: 0, #recv errors: 0

       local crypto endpt.: 1.1.1.1/0, remote crypto endpt.: 2.2.2.2/0
       path mtu 1500, ipsec overhead 74, media mtu 1500
       current outbound spi: 45B5CECD
       current inbound spi : 862EB1DB

     inbound esp sas:
       spi: 0x862EB1DB (2251207131)
          transform: esp-aes-256 esp-md5-hmac no compression 
          in use settings ={L2L, Tunnel, PFS Group 2, }
          slot: 0, conn_id: 1015808, crypto-map: External_map
          sa timing: remaining key lifetime (kB/sec): (4318958/16999)
          IV size: 16 bytes
          replay detection support: Y
          Anti replay bitmap: 
           0xFFFFFFFF 0xFFFFFFFF
     outbound esp sas:
       spi: 0x45B5CECD (1169542861)
          transform: esp-aes-256 esp-md5-hmac no compression 
          in use settings ={L2L, Tunnel, PFS Group 2, }
          slot: 0, conn_id: 1015808, crypto-map: External_map
          sa timing: remaining key lifetime (kB/sec): (4360717/16999)
          IV size: 16 bytes
          replay detection support: Y
          Anti replay bitmap: 
           0x00000000 0x00000001

     Crypto map tag: External_map, seq num: 1, local addr: 1.1.1.1

       access-list Outside_cryptomap extended permit ip 10.0.0.0 255.255.0.0 10.10.0.0 255.255.0.0 
       local ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (10.0.0.0/255.255.0.0/0/0)
       remote ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (10.10.0.0/255.255.0.0/0/0)
       current_peer: 3.3.3.3

       #pkts encaps: 3444336, #pkts encrypt: 3444336, #pkts digest: 3444336
       #pkts decaps: 1756137, #pkts decrypt: 1756137, #pkts verify: 1756137
       #pkts compressed: 0, #pkts decompressed: 0
       #pkts not compressed: 3444336, #pkts comp failed: 0, #pkts decomp failed: 0
       #pre-frag successes: 0, #pre-frag failures: 0, #fragments created: 0
       #PMTUs sent: 0, #PMTUs rcvd: 0, #decapsulated frgs needing reassembly: 0
       #send errors: 0, #recv errors: 0

       local crypto endpt.: 1.1.1.1/0, remote crypto endpt.: 3.3.3.3/0
       path mtu 1500, ipsec overhead 74, media mtu 1500
       current outbound spi: 6B0981E6
       current inbound spi : 2F85EB3C

     inbound esp sas:
       spi: 0x2F85EB3C (797305660)
          transform: esp-aes-256 esp-md5-hmac no compression 
          in use settings ={L2L, Tunnel, PFS Group 2, }
          slot: 0, conn_id: 1245184, crypto-map: External_map
          sa timing: remaining key lifetime (kB/sec): (3944948/12647)
          IV size: 16 bytes
          replay detection support: Y
          Anti replay bitmap: 
           0xFFFFFFFF 0xFFFFFFFF
     outbound esp sas:
       spi: 0x6B0981E6 (1795785190)
          transform: esp-aes-256 esp-md5-hmac no compression 
          in use settings ={L2L, Tunnel, PFS Group 2, }
          slot: 0, conn_id: 1245184, crypto-map: External_map
          sa timing: remaining key lifetime (kB/sec): (364451/12647)
          IV size: 16 bytes
          replay detection support: Y
          Anti replay bitmap: 
           0x00000000 0x00000001
share|improve this question
    
Do you lose pings over the public internet? –  Jeremy Jun 27 '12 at 20:17
    
Nope, public is fine from both locations. –  ScottAdair Jun 27 '12 at 20:19
1  
What's the output from show crypto isakmp sa and show crypto ipsec sa look like when the issue is occurring? I'm guessing you're clearing the SAs to fix it, correct? Any particular reason you've disabled dead peer detection? And last but not least: what code version are these on? –  Shane Madden Jun 28 '12 at 0:23
    
All systems are running 8.4(2) and ASDM 6.4(5). Command outputs are above. Tunnel says that it is up, but no traffic is getting through. No particular reason for disabling dead peer, was just trying things this afternoon. –  ScottAdair Jun 28 '12 at 1:12
    
Interesting, the ASA in SF thinks the tunnel is down, but the ASA in TO thinks it is up.. –  ScottAdair Jun 28 '12 at 1:16
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