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I am relatively new LAMP dev who is trying to learn Linux primarily through AWS. I have a live Elastic Beanstalk instance up and running. I did a yum install of the following packages:

mysql55.x86_64 mysql55-bench.x86_64 mysql55-common.x86_64 mysql55-devel.x86_64 mysql55-libs.x86_64 mysql55-server.x86_64 mysql55-test.x86_64 

Which all seemed to install fine ... then typed ...

mysql -V 

which gets me

mysql Ver 14.14 Distrib 5.5.20, for Linux (x86_64) using readline 5.1 

... which confirms mysql is installed ... but then when I type ...

mysql -u ec2-user -p
Enter password: /*leaving blank*/

I get ...

ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock' (2)

Now the thing is I am ssh-ing into this server with a Security Group key pair I created in AWS Console. So the key is authenticating me (from the .ppk file) when I log into the box as ec2-user. That IS my "root" user as far as I know, there is no password, but I may be mistaken.

So, basically I don't understand the basics of how to begin using MySQL in a linux environment. I've only really used PHPMyAdmin and the MySQL command line from WAMP until now.

Can somebody help me with where I'm getting my wires crossed here?

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marked as duplicate by HopelessN00b Feb 25 '15 at 7:18

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

Check your mysqld is running. try /etc/init.d/mysqld restart and then connect to mysql – Manula Waidyanatha Jul 12 '12 at 3:06
my /etc/init.d/ doesn't contain anything mysql* related ... no such file or directory – James S Jul 12 '12 at 3:37
I ended up resolving this on my own, by reinstalling the mysql rpms one at a time - think it was mysql-server that wasn't installed. Still don't know why mysql -V showed it was installed when it wasn't and also need to learn how to quickly determine what is and isn't installed. But this was helpful. – James S Jul 12 '12 at 6:59
up vote 4 down vote accepted

It's not intended for you to run MySQL on your Elastic Beanstalk instance. If you need to use MySQL, you are supposed to run it on a separate instance, or use Amazon RDS. The reason for this is that your instance is not persistent and can be restarted at any time without warning from the original AMI. If that happens, goodbye database.

There's an extended discussion of this issue on the AWS forums.

That said, if you're just testing, jnizjo's instructions will get the MySQL server up and running for you.

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Thank you for this answer, which gets to my underlying question. Yes, I'm learning linux, but I'm also learning how to configure architectures in AWS. I'll read those threads tonight. – James S Jul 12 '12 at 6:55

You need to start MySQL:

# chkconfig mysql on
# service mysql start

Check MySQL server:

# ps aux | grep mysqld
mysql     3098  2.3  9.1 326852 34912 ?        Ssl  09:27   0:00 /usr/sbin/mysqld

And logs:

# less /path_to_mysql_log
share|improve this answer
chkconfig mysql on displays: error reading information on service mysql: No such file or directory and ps aux | grep displays: root 8926 0.0 0.1 103444 832 pts/0 S+ 03:42 0:00 grep mysqld if I can't chkconfig on mysql, but it will give me a mysql -V ... what does that mean? – James S Jul 12 '12 at 3:44
OK, I guess mysql-server never got installed when I did the yum install on so many packages all at once ... I have mysqld in my etc/init.d now ... That should solve it! Thank you for setting on the path to figuring it out. – James S Jul 12 '12 at 3:53
OK, I guess mysql-server never got installed when I did the yum install on so many packages all at once ... I have mysqld in my etc/init.d now ... and I'm at the mysql> command line That should solve it! – James S Jul 12 '12 at 3:58

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