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Just trying out VirtualBox & Vagrant and my initial lucid64 VM can't resolve us.archive.ubuntu.com but can resolve security.ubuntu.com, google.com and www.apple.com (but not apple.com w/out the www?!?!).

The host that the VM is running in can resolve us.archive.ubuntu.com just fine as well as every other domain.

No idea what's going on?!?

vagrant@lucid64:~$ sudo apt-get install dkms -y
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
  fakeroot make patch
Suggested packages:
  make-doc diffutils-doc
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  dkms fakeroot make patch
0 upgraded, 4 newly installed, 0 to remove and 23 not upgraded.
Need to get 458kB of archives.
After this operation, 2,359kB of additional disk space will be used.
Err http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid/main make 3.81-7ubuntu1
  Could not resolve 'us.archive.ubuntu.com'
Err http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid/main patch 2.6-2ubuntu1
  Could not resolve 'us.archive.ubuntu.com'
Err http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates/main dkms 2.1.1.2-2ubuntu1
  Could not resolve 'us.archive.ubuntu.com'
Err http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid/main fakeroot 1.14.4-1ubuntu1
  Could not resolve 'us.archive.ubuntu.com'
Failed to fetch http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/m/make-dfsg/make_3.81-7ubuntu1_amd64.deb  Could not resolve 'us.archive.ubuntu.com'
Failed to fetch http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/p/patch/patch_2.6-2ubuntu1_amd64.deb  Could not resolve 'us.archive.ubuntu.com'
Failed to fetch http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.1.1.2-2ubuntu1_all.deb  Could not resolve 'us.archive.ubuntu.com'
Failed to fetch http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/f/fakeroot/fakeroot_1.14.4-1ubuntu1_amd64.deb  Could not resolve 'us.archive.ubuntu.com'
E: Unable to fetch some archives, maybe run apt-get update or try with --fix-missing?

Vanilla installation. My first attempt. Following instructions in a Deploying Rails book.

Edit: Adding /etc/resolv.conf:

vagrant@lucid64:~$ cat /etc/resolv.conf 
nameserver 10.0.2.3
domain mydomain.com
search mydomain.com

Also some dig info:

vagrant@lucid64:~$ dig us.archive.ubuntu.com
;; Truncated, retrying in TCP mode.

; <<>> DiG 9.7.0-P1 <<>> us.archive.ubuntu.com
;; global options: +cmd
;; connection timed out; no servers could be reached

but it seems to resolve the domain name when the +trace flag is used?!? (or am I reading this wrong?)

vagrant@lucid64:~$ dig us.archive.ubuntu.com +trace

; <<>> DiG 9.7.0-P1 <<>> us.archive.ubuntu.com +trace
;; global options: +cmd
.           199183  IN  NS  d.root-servers.net.
.           199183  IN  NS  k.root-servers.net.
.           199183  IN  NS  m.root-servers.net.
.           199183  IN  NS  a.root-servers.net.
.           199183  IN  NS  j.root-servers.net.
.           199183  IN  NS  e.root-servers.net.
.           199183  IN  NS  l.root-servers.net.
.           199183  IN  NS  b.root-servers.net.
.           199183  IN  NS  f.root-servers.net.
.           199183  IN  NS  g.root-servers.net.
.           199183  IN  NS  h.root-servers.net.
.           199183  IN  NS  i.root-servers.net.
.           199183  IN  NS  c.root-servers.net.
;; Received 256 bytes from 10.0.2.3#53(10.0.2.3) in 1 ms

com.            172800  IN  NS  a.gtld-servers.net.
com.            172800  IN  NS  b.gtld-servers.net.
com.            172800  IN  NS  c.gtld-servers.net.
com.            172800  IN  NS  d.gtld-servers.net.
com.            172800  IN  NS  e.gtld-servers.net.
com.            172800  IN  NS  f.gtld-servers.net.
com.            172800  IN  NS  g.gtld-servers.net.
com.            172800  IN  NS  h.gtld-servers.net.
com.            172800  IN  NS  i.gtld-servers.net.
com.            172800  IN  NS  j.gtld-servers.net.
com.            172800  IN  NS  k.gtld-servers.net.
com.            172800  IN  NS  l.gtld-servers.net.
com.            172800  IN  NS  m.gtld-servers.net.
;; Received 499 bytes from 193.0.14.129#53(k.root-servers.net) in 191 ms

ubuntu.com.     172800  IN  NS  ns1.canonical.com.
ubuntu.com.     172800  IN  NS  ns2.canonical.com.
ubuntu.com.     172800  IN  NS  ns3.canonical.com.
;; Received 151 bytes from 192.42.93.30#53(g.gtld-servers.net) in 46 ms

us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.192
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.193
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.91.13
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.91.23
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.91.24
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.91.25
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.151
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.152
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.153
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.154
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.155
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.176
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.177
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.179
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.180
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.181
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.182
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.183
us.archive.ubuntu.com.  600 IN  A   91.189.92.184
ubuntu.com.     172800  IN  NS  ns2.canonical.com.
ubuntu.com.     172800  IN  NS  ns3.canonical.com.
ubuntu.com.     172800  IN  NS  ns1.canonical.com.
;; Received 455 bytes from 91.189.95.3#53(ns2.canonical.com) in 183 ms

Edit2 - more dig:

vagrant@lucid64:~$ dig @10.0.2.3 security.ubuntu.com +short
91.189.92.181
91.189.92.184
91.189.92.151
91.189.92.166
vagrant@lucid64:~$ dig @10.0.2.3 us.archive.ubuntu.com
;; Truncated, retrying in TCP mode.

; <<>> DiG 9.7.0-P1 <<>> @10.0.2.3 us.archive.ubuntu.com
; (1 server found)
;; global options: +cmd
;; connection timed out; no servers could be reached
share|improve this question
    
What's the network configuration look like on the VM? What DNS server(s) are you using? Do you have reliable connectivity to them? –  Shane Madden Jul 20 '12 at 23:43
    
Hmmm, I'm not even certain how to tell. I'm new to Ubuntu and Vagrant. I'll add /etc/resolv.conf info (above). Lemme know where to look if you want more… –  Meltemi Jul 21 '12 at 0:14

3 Answers 3

I solved that issue by adding the lines below to my Vagrantfile:

config.vm.provider :virtualbox do |vb|
    vb.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--natdnshostresolver1", "on"]
end

Below is the whole of it:

$setup = <<SCRIPT
    DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get update
SCRIPT

$dependencies = <<SCRIPT
    DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get install -y postgresql libpq-dev
    DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get install -y python-dev libjpeg-dev zlib1g-dev
    DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get install -y python-virtualenv virtualenvwrapper
SCRIPT

Vagrant.configure('2') do |config|

    config.vm.box = 'ubuntu/trusty64'

    # config.ssh.forward_agent = true
    config.vm.network "private_network", ip: "192.168.10.90"

    config.vm.synced_folder ".", "/vagrant", id: "vagrant-root", disabled: true
    config.vm.synced_folder ".", "/siaq"

    config.vm.provider :virtualbox do |vb|
        vb.name = "siaq"
        vb.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--natdnshostresolver1", "on"]
        vb.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--memory", "512"]
    end

    config.vm.provision "shell", inline: $setup
    config.vm.provision "shell", inline: $dependencies
end
share|improve this answer

Looks like it's because you can't contact the DNS server set at all, and it's trying to use the root hints (which, in my experience, are very unreliable for end-users). Can you ping it? Are you set to bridged mode, with no firewalls getting in the way?

share|improve this answer
    
no i cannot ping the 10.0.2.3 host. It appears that the VirtualBox (or Vagrant) has assigned the VM an IP of 10.0.2.2. The host is at 10.0.1.201. VB/Vagrant set the nameserver to 10.0.2.3 which "works" and resolves some domains (see edit2 above) but not the most important for a Ubuntu box. –  Meltemi Jul 21 '12 at 4:17
up vote 0 down vote accepted

This seems to have "magically" resolved itself when I upgraded the host Mac OS from Lion (10.7.4) to Mountain Lion (10.8) so not gonna waste anymore cycles on it..

share|improve this answer
    
I have the same issue, it seems it happens only on first run, just like if DNS isn't ready, and when I "vagrant provision" a second time, hosts are resolved. –  Benja Nov 15 '13 at 18:01

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