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On my Mac terminal, printing UTF-8 works in general, but the less doesn't work correctly.

So this works correctly:

$  echo -e '\xe2\x82\xac'   
€

but piping it into less gives something like this:

$  echo -e '\xe2\x82\xac' | less  
<E2><82><AC>

How can this be fixed?

For diagnostics:

I'm using Mac OS 10.6.8. less version 418, Terminal 2.1.2 (273.1).

The output of my locale is this:

$ locale
LANG="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_COLLATE="C"
LC_CTYPE="C"
LC_MESSAGES="C"
LC_MONETARY="C"
LC_NUMERIC="C"
LC_TIME="C"
LC_ALL="C"
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3 Answers 3

Okay, I found the answer after some googling. Apparently, LESSCHARSET needs to be set like this:

export LESSCHARSET=utf-8

Now less works fine for me.

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Works for me with

LANG=
LC_COLLATE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MESSAGES="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MONETARY="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_NUMERIC="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_TIME="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_ALL="en_US.UTF-8"
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LC_CTYPE is the important one. However the rules less uses are bizarre: instead of retrieving the encoding from the locale, it looks for the string "utf-8" (or a few other possibilities) in its name.So you’ll need to use LESSCHARSET if you want some other encoding or if your locale name doesn’t match less’s preconceptions. –  Richard Kettlewell Aug 7 '12 at 22:25

I googled this and tried the following environment variables which worked for me:

export LC_ALL=en_US.UTF-8
export LANG=en_us.UTF-8

Seeing as I find the LC_ALL in multiple different answers I think this is the correct one. But maybe not the only right answer, there could of course be more correct answers to this question.

Anyway some more googling gave me this description for the variable:

LC_ALL This variable determines the values for all locale categories. The value of the LC_ALL environment variable has precedence over any of the other environment variables starting with LC_ (LC_COLLATE, LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES, LC_MONETARY, LC_NUMERIC, LC_TIME) and the LANG environment variable.

source: http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/007908799/xbd/envvar.html

Leading me to think this is the language variable to rule them all :)

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Please feel free to post less' version number. –  Deer Hunter Nov 5 at 16:19
    
sure, less 458 (GNU regular expressions) –  Melvin Loos Nov 21 at 10:45

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