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As in text books OS will move dirty pages to swap space based on LRU algorithm and make space for new process in RAM.

But how do OS do this if there is no swap.

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closed as off topic by Shane Madden, Michael Hampton, EEAA, Magellan, Iain Nov 5 '12 at 9:04

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it cannot.. clearly. What happens next depends on the OS.. crash and die? Probably – Grizly Nov 5 '12 at 4:26
up vote 1 down vote accepted

If there is no swap, each dirty page is locked in RAM until it can be made clean. For pages that cannot be made clean (such an anonymous or private pages), they are locked in RAM until they are no longer used.

This causes terrible performance if there are a large number of dirty pages that are not being accessed. Because they cannot be moved to swap, they directly reduce the available RAM for clean pages, which can result in an excessive amount of needless paging.

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