I have a software raid 10 with 6 x 2tb hard drives (raid 1 for /boot), ubuntu 10.04 is the os.
I had a raid controller failure that put 2 drives out of sync, crashed the system and initially the os didnt boot up and went into initramfs instead, saying that drives were busy but I eventually managed to bring the raid up by stopping and assembling the drives.
The os booted up and said that there were filesystem errors, I chose to ignore because it would remount the fs in read-only mode if there was a problem.
Everything seemed to be working fine and the 2 drives started to rebuild, I was sure that it was a sata controller failure because I had dma errors in my log files.
The os crashed soon after that with ext errors.
Now its not bringing up the raid, it says that there is no superblock on /dev/sda2, even if I assemble manually with all the device names.
I also did a memtest and changed the motherboard in addition to everything else.
EDIT: This is my partition layout
Disk /dev/sdb: 2000.4 GB, 2000398934016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 243201 cylinders, total 3907029168 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disk identifier: 0x0009c34a Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sdb1 * 2048 511999 254976 83 Linux /dev/sdb2 512000 3904980991 1952234496 83 Linux /dev/sdb3 3904980992 3907028991 1024000 82 Linux swap / Solaris
All 6 disks have the same layout, partition #1 is for raid 1 /boot, partition #2 is for raid 10 far plan, partition #3 is swap, but sda did not have swap enabled
EDIT2: This is the output of mdadm --detail /dev/md1
Layout : near=1, far=2 Chunk Size : 64k UUID : a0feff55:2018f8ff:e368bf24:bd0fce41 Events : 0.3112126 Number Major Minor RaidDevice State 0 8 34 0 spare rebuilding /dev/sdc2 1 0 0 1 removed 2 8 18 2 active sync /dev/sdb2 3 8 50 3 active sync /dev/sdd2 4 0 0 4 removed 5 8 82 5 active sync /dev/sdf2 6 8 66 - spare /dev/sde2
EDIT3: I ran ddrescue and it has copied everything from sda except a single 4096 byte sector that I suspect is the raid superblock
EDIT4: Here is some more info too long to fit here
mdadm --detail /dev/sd[abcdef]1 (raid1): http://pastebin.com/cgMQWerS
mdadm --detail /dev/sd[abcdef]2 (raid10): http://pastebin.com/V5dtcGPF
dumpe2fs of /dev/sda2 (from the ddrescue cloned drive): http://pastebin.com/sp0GYcJG
I tried to recreate md1 based on this info with the command
mdadm --create /dev/md1 -v --assume-clean --level=10 --raid-devices=6 --chunk=64K --layout=f2 /dev/sda2 missing /dev/sdc2 /dev/sdd2 missing /dev/sdf2
But I can't mount it, I also tried to recreate it based on my initial mdadm --detail /dev/md1 but it still doesn't mount
It also warns me that /dev/sda2 is an ext2fs file system but I guess its because of ddrescue
EDIT5: I figured out /dev/sdb was actually /dev/sdc and vice versa and I also made a major mistake since the newer live cd I was using defaulted to 1.2 metadata which has probably destroyed the data on these disks, good thing is I cloned them to 6 other drives.
EDIT6: I finally managed to recover my array by recreating it again, this time with the correct --metadata option. If someone is in my situation and reading this, its very important to mirror your data so you can recover from a mistake like I did, also make sure to mdadm --examine all drives because their names will get changed when booting a live cd and its important to recreate in the correct order, any drives marked as spares have to be set as missing.