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I don't know apache very well and I've got a problem with configure mod_vhost_alias

This is my httpd.conf file:

UseCanonicalName Off

LogFormat "%V %h %l %u %t \"%r\" %s %b" vcommon

<Directory /var/www/sites/>
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride All

<VirtualHost *:80>
    CustomLog logs/access_log.sites vcommon
    ServerAlias *
    UseCanonicalName Off
    VirtualDocumentRoot /var/www/sites/%1/

Subdomains work fine without www. but I need to make them work with www too.

Here's an example: - site is loading - Not Found

What should I do?

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up vote 0 down vote accepted

VirtualDocumentRoot /var/www/sites/%1/ is looking at the first part of the name - so for it's using something, and for it's using www, which won't work very well.

A couple different options:

  1. Get it to use something as the directory it's looking for in both cases; instead of the first part of the name, look at the third-to-last:

    VirtualDocumentRoot /var/www/sites/%-3/
  2. Switch over to using the full name, and then create a symbolic link (see Michael's answer):

    VirtualDocumentRoot /var/www/sites/%0/
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I'm not sure where should I create that link (you can write for future) but %-3 did the trick. Thanks man. – haukish Dec 15 '12 at 20:39
@haukish You'd do it in /var/www/sites, so inside there you would have (the real directory) and (the symbolic link). – Shane Madden Dec 15 '12 at 20:40
I think I know what you mean, but in this case I'll have to do it every time I create new directory for new subdomain. Am I right? %-3 seems to work right, but I'll keep it in my mind, thx again. – haukish Dec 15 '12 at 20:45
@haukish Yup, you'd need a new link for every sub-domain. The trade-off is that %-3 will break if you add an extra level to the subdomains - so and will both use some - the extra layers would be ignored. – Shane Madden Dec 15 '12 at 20:48
I think I wouldn't need next level on this domain but thanks for mention – haukish Dec 15 '12 at 20:53 and are obviously different hostnames. And Apache will substitute this for %1 when looking for the files to serve. So the problem is that /var/www/sites/ doesn't exist.

One way to fix it (assuming these two sites are supposed to serve the same data) is by a simple symbolic link:

ln -s /var/www/sites/

(I also missed that you need %0 instead of %1, as in Shane Madden's answer. So do that too.)

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I believe it looks for "www.something". Can I add something like ln -s * /var/www/sites/www.* I need it for more than one domain. And where should I put it? – haukish Dec 15 '12 at 19:56
If it did, you would have gotten a 404 for something. and your site for www.something. – Michael Hampton Dec 15 '12 at 20:18
I created and www.something directories in /var/www/sites but there is still 404 :/ – haukish Dec 15 '12 at 20:24
thanks you too. – haukish Dec 15 '12 at 20:40

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