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I have an application set up on Apache 2.2 CentOS (with cPanel). I am facing issues with htaccess. I have confirmed that mod_rewrite is working. My .htaccess file is laid out like :

RewriteEngine on

# if a directory or a file exists, use it directly
 RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
 RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d

# otherwise forward it to index.php
 RewriteRule . index.php 

My webapp folder basically has a file index.php , all URL requests need to be directed through this file.

I tried the following and it seems my .htaccess or httpconf has issues:

  1. Removing everything from htaccess still accesses the index.php file (probably default behaviour to look for index.php)
  2. I changed the name of index file so that there was no file named index in the application root directory - it threw a 403 .
  3. If I comment out RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d it throws a 404
  4. Deny from all throws a 403 as expected
  5. With this configuration all other directories (such as those containing CSS/images etc) which do not have their individual htaccess throw a 403 when I try to access them

Possible problem areas

  1. htaccess file
  2. Virtual Host /Directory configuration in httpd conf
  3. Apache User Permission issues on folders(not likely)

What might be the way to figure out what's going wrong and how do I correct it?


I looked at the server error_log and this is what I found :

[Thu Jan 17 07:44:45 2013] [error] [client] File does not exist: /usr/local/apache/htdocs/home

[Thu Jan 17 07:44:45 2013][error] [client] File does not exist: /usr/local/apache/htdocs/home, referer: http://IP_ADDRESS_HERE/~myapp/myapp/user

It is looking for the files in apache htdocs when it is present in an alternate directory . Even so , it should not be looking for a directory called 'user' under myapp , it should be redirected to index.php as per htaccess file . I re wrote the base , now it is looking under the myapp directory , however it still does not execute index.php as it should at every request .

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migrated from Jan 17 '13 at 12:47

This question came from our site for computer enthusiasts and power users.

To further my case , there seems to be a number of Old questions around the same issue :… I have gone through the wiki(s) present on SO regarding this but nothing seems to help . – Varun Jain Jan 17 '13 at 12:40
I think this would be a better fit at webmasters.SE. – Michael Hampton Jan 17 '13 at 17:49
up vote 1 down vote accepted

Was finally able to resolve this . The issue is very specific if you are hosting on a VPS along with cpanel or something similar where your files are not in apache's htdocs folder .

The last line of .htaccess should read :

RewriteRule . /~cpanel_account_name/app_folder/index.php 

This helped out a lot :

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