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Before I dive into the question, I have found several other questions that seem similar to mine, but they have not been able to solve my problem. Here are links to them:

Remotely run a script invoking "Run As Administrator"

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/10724591/how-to-remote-execute-an-elevated-remote-script-in-powershell

Now onto the question: I need to run a Windows Update script on a remote machine via Powershell. If I remote into the machine via mstsc, run Powershell as administrator and run the Windows Update script, it works fine. If I remote into the machine via mstsc, run Powershell WITHOUT choosing the run as administrator, and run the script, I will get a bunch of errors along this line: "Exception calling "Download" with "0" argument(s): "Exception from HRESULT: 0x80240044""

This only happens if I run it WITHOUT admin privileges.

The script I am running is this: http://www.ehow.com/how_8724332_use-powershell-run-windows-updates.html

Now, when I remote into the machine using Enter-PSSession and try to run the script I get errors, but they are a little bit different. They are along this line: "Exception calling "CreateUpdateDownloader" with "0" argument(s): "Access is denied. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80070005 (E_ACCESSDENIED))""

I am open to suggestions as to what could be causing this problem, but I think I have it figured out. I believe that the Powershell session needs to be run with elevated privileges. I know how to do this while remoting in via mstsc, but I have been unable to find a way to do this via Enter-PSSession. I have Googled and Googled, but have not found anything. If anyone could help shed some light on this, that would be greatly appreciated.

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I'm not at a console to test, but if you get a remote etsn session (Enter-PSSession) can you then Type "Start-Process PowerShell –Verb RunAs" and press Enter. Does that give you the Administrator prompt? If so, I'll change this to an answer you can accept. If not, I'll test when I'm back at my desk. –  TheCleaner Jan 30 '13 at 23:09
    
Possible answer here serverfault.com/a/474031/23300 –  Nic Aug 18 '13 at 15:46

3 Answers 3

To run remote powershell commands you HAVE to run as administrator on the machine from which you launch the commands, at least in the out of the box configuration. This is a documented limitation of PowerShell remoting, though it is possible to relax the defaults if you are determined, but that will involve making changes to the PowerShell configuration.

For the remote execution are you passing in credentials using the -credentials parameter? e.g.

Enter-PSSession -Credential(Get-Credential) -ComputerName <remotehost>
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With Windows 2012 Server and without an AD set up, try using 'MicrosoftAccount\Administrator' as credentials and use the remote Administrator's password. Using the fully qualified username without AD has always seemed like an unneccessary hassle to me. –  fuero Jan 31 '13 at 0:27

When you execute commands remotely they are run with administrative privileges because only administrators are permitted to remotely execute commands in powershell. The error, "Exception calling "CreateUpdateDownloader" with "0" argument(s): "Access is denied. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80070005 (E_ACCESSDENIED))"" is not a native powershell error, it indicates that this line is failing: $UpdatesDownloader = $UpdateSession.CreateUpdateDownloader(), this line is trying to create the updatedownloader object using the $UpdateSession = New-Object -ComObject Microsoft.Update.Session object.

Without knowing WHERE the downloader tries to reach out to, I can only assume the mothership, it may indicate that credentials you have while remotely connected to a server could be the subject of a proxy. This is a common security practice, users remotely connected to machines cannot download items directly from the internet (no matter how trusted the source).

Hope this helps, Chris

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http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa387288(v=vs.85).aspx

It doesn't allow you to call it remotely.

That's the reason. You may can do it via Scheduled task.

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