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How can I count the number of lines matching a pattern returned from a linux command

I want the number of lines returned beginning with 'foo' , so if I pipe the output to grep will this work?

cat | grep -c ^foo
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Why do you even ask, if you answered the question by yourself. Or simply check with your next nearest shell. –  Roman Feb 19 '13 at 12:36
    
Because there may be a better way –  Dave Feb 19 '13 at 13:08
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Useless use of cat. grep -c pattern file. Yes it's not that much but as soon as you run that thru a loop that runs a couple of thousand times you'll want to save on forks –  Server Horror Feb 19 '13 at 13:17

2 Answers 2

From grep man page:

*General Output Control*

    -c, --count      Suppress normal output;

instead print a count of matching lines for each input file. With the -v, --invert-match option (see below), count non-matching lines. (-c is specified by POSIX.)

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cat | grep ^foo | wc -l

TO show how many lines containing foo are there.

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