I've got a FreeBSD 9.0 server. It has several jails, but they all have this same issue. They can not initiate connections to the outside world. They communicate with each other and the host fine.
firewall_enable="YES" # IPFW firewall_type="/etc/ipfw.rules" # Rule script for IPFW natd_enable="YES" # NAT for Internet Routing natd_interface="wan0" # NAT Card natd_flags="-f /etc/natd.conf -dynamic" # NAT Conf ifconfig_lo1_name="jail1" ifconfig_jail1="inet 192.168.1.101/32" jail_asdf_rootdir="/jails/asdf" jail_asdf_hostname="asdf.example.net" jail_asdf_ip="192.168.1.101" jail_asdf_devfs_enable="YES"
# XXX 00050 divert natd ip4 from any to any via wan0 add 00060 check-state # Allow me out add 00135 allow ip from me to any keep-state add 00136 allow ip6 from me6 to any keep-state # HTTP add 11010 allow tcp from any to me http setup keep-state add 11011 allow tcp from any to me6 http setup keep-state add 11012 allow tcp from any to me https setup keep-state add 11013 allow tcp from any to me6 https setup keep-state .... lots more rules like the above .... # General Network - ICMP add 61001 allow icmp from any to any # XXX last rule is deny everything
redirect_port tcp 192.168.1.101:80 80 redirect_port tcp 192.168.1.101:443 443
This works great for incoming connections. The I have tested from multiple computers, I can get to the website just fine.
jexec 1 csh to get a shell in the Jail I can't create an outgoing connection. The Jail's
resolv.conf points to the host server, and it performs name resolution fine. With ICMP still being passed without exception I can ping from the Jail.
I can do a
tcpdump -i wan0 host 18.104.22.168 on the host and watch the traffic as it passes. I see the SYN go out, and a SYN ACK come back. Then a few seconds later the same again as the Jail retries.
How can I allow outgoing connections from my jails?
I believe I understand the problem. The outgoing packet starts through the firewall rules, gets NAT translated, allowed out and recorded as the external IP making an outgoing connection. When the return packet comes back it goes through translation, but now doesn't match the check-state rule as the packet has the internal IP. Still searching for a solution.